Ouvrage Col de Brouis

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Ouvrage Col de Brouis
Part of Maginot Line, Alpine Line
Southeast France
Ouvrage Col de Brouis is located in France
Ouvrage Col de Brouis
Ouvrage Col de Brouis
Coordinates 43°55′27″N 7°28′15″E / 43.9241°N 7.47079°E / 43.9241; 7.47079
Site information
Controlled by France
Site history
Built by CORF
In use Abandoned
Materials Concrete, steel, rock excavation
Battles/wars Italian invasion of France, Operation Dragoon
Ouvrage Col de Brouis
Type of work: Large artillery work (Gros ouvrage)
sector
└─sub-sector
Fortified Sector of the Maritime Alps
└─Sospel, Quartier Brouis
Work number: EO 1
Regiment: 158th RAP, 40th DBAF
Number of blocks: 3
Strength: 3 officers, 174 men

Ouvrage Col de Brouis is a work (gros ouvrage) of the Maginot Line's Alpine extension, the Alpine Line, also known as the Little Maginot Line. The ouvrage consists of one entry block and two artillery blocks facing Italy at an altitude of 871 metres (2,858 ft). The ouvrage is located about one kilometer north of Monte Grosso. It was placed to control the Col de Brouis and the D 2204 road between the Breil and Sospel.

Description[edit]

The Y-shaped ouvrage has its ammunition magazine, barracks and usine near the entry block, with the main gallery diverging before running separately to blocks 2 and 3. Col de Brouis was built by a contractor named Borie starting in November 1931 and completed in October 1934, at a cost of 11.4 million francs.[1] Its commander in 1940 was Captain Charvet.

Two observation posts reported to Col de Brouis, including Cime du Bosc.[5]

History[edit]

Col de Brouis saw little action in 1940, but was the scene of significant combat between retreating German forces and the Allies in April 1945.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mary, Tome 4, p. 29
  2. ^ Puelinckx, Jean et al. (2010). "Col de Brouis (go du) Bloc 1". Index de la Ligne Maginot (in French). fortiff.be. Retrieved 27 January 2010. 
  3. ^ Puelinckx, Jean et al. (2010). "Col de Brouis (go du) Bloc 2". Index de la Ligne Maginot (in French). fortiff.be. Retrieved 27 January 2010. 
  4. ^ Puelinckx, Jean et al. (2010). "Col de Brouis (go du) Bloc 3". Index de la Ligne Maginot (in French). fortiff.be. Retrieved 27 January 2010. 
  5. ^ Mary, Tome 5, p. 55
  6. ^ Puelinckx, Jean et al. (2010). "Col de Brouis (gros ouvrage du col du)". Index de la Ligne Maginot (in French). fortiff.be. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Allcorn, William. The Maginot Line 1928-45. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-84176-646-1
  • Kaufmann, J.E. and Kaufmann, H.W. Fortress France: The Maginot Line and French Defenses in World War II, Stackpole Books, 2006. ISBN 0-275-98345-5
  • Kaufmann, J.E., Kaufmann, H.W., Jancovič-Potočnik, A. and Lang, P. The Maginot Line: History and Guide, Pen and Sword, 2011. ISBN 978-1-84884-068-3
  • Mary, Jean-Yves; Hohnadel, Alain; Sicard, Jacques. Hommes et Ouvrages de la Ligne Maginot, Tome 1. Paris, Histoire & Collections, 2001. ISBN 2-908182-88-2 (French)
  • Mary, Jean-Yves; Hohnadel, Alain; Sicard, Jacques. Hommes et Ouvrages de la Ligne Maginot, Tome 4 - La fortification alpine. Paris, Histoire & Collections, 2009. ISBN 978-2-915239-46-1 (French)
  • Mary, Jean-Yves; Hohnadel, Alain; Sicard, Jacques. Hommes et Ouvrages de la Ligne Maginot, Tome 5. Paris, Histoire & Collections, 2009. ISBN 978-2-35250-127-5 (French)

External links[edit]