Ovinius Gallicanus

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Ovinius Gallicanus (floruit 293-317) was a senator of the Roman Empire, probably the first Christian Roman consul.

In 293/300 he was the curator of Teanum Sidicinum. On 4 August 316 he is attested as praefectus urbi of Rome, as successor to Gaius Vettius Cossinius Rufinus, and kept the office at least until 15 May 317, the year he was also consul, to be succeeded by Septimius Bassus.

He might be identified with the Gallicanus who gave some lands to the church of Saints Peter, Paul and John the Baptist in Ostia.


  • "Ovinius Gallicanus 3", Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Volume 1, Cambridge University Press, 1992, ISBN 0-521-07233-6, p. 383.
  • Abhandlungen der sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig, philologisch-historische Klasse, Akademie-Verlag, 1850, p. 39.
  • Champlin, Edward. "Saint Gallicanus (Consul 317)". Phoenix 36, 1 (1982): 71–76 .
  • Moncur, David, and Peter J. Heather (eds.), Politics, Philosophy, and Empire in the Fourth Century: Select Orations of Themistius, Liverpool University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-85323-106-0, p. 58.
  • Hedrick, Charles W., History and Silence: Purge and Rehabilitation of Memory in Late Antiquity, University of Texas Press, 2000, ISBN 0-292-73121-3, p. 55.
Political offices
Preceded by
Antonius Caecinius Sabinus,
and Vettius Rufinus
Consul of the Roman Empire
with Caesonius Bassus
Succeeded by
Imp. Caesar C. Valerius Licinianus Licinius Augustus V,
and Flavius Iulius Crispus Caesar
Preceded by
Gaius Vettius Cossinius Rufinus
Praefectus urbi of Rome
August 4, 316 – May 15, 317
Succeeded by
Septimius Bassus