Phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester

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Phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester
PCBM simple.svg
PCBM crystal and its model.jpg
PCBM crystal and its model. Gray: carbons, red: oxygens, white: hydrogens.
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
Properties
C72H14O2
Molar mass 910.902 g·mol−1
Density 1.631 g/cm3 (100 K)[1]
Melting point 280 °C (536 °F; 553 K)(sublimates)[2]
Structure(100 K)[1]
Monoclinic
P2(1)/n
a = 1.347 nm, b = 1.51 nm, c = 1.901 nm
α = 90°, β = 106.9°, γ = 90°
4
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

PCBM is the common abbreviation for the fullerene derivative [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester. It is being investigated in organic solar cells.[3]

PCBM is a fullerene derivative of the C60 buckyball that was first synthesized in the 1990s.[4] It is an electron acceptor material and is often used in organic solar cells (plastic solar cells) or flexible electronics in conjunction with electron donor materials such as P3HT or other conductive polymers. It is a more practical choice for an electron acceptor when compared with fullerenes because of its solubility in chlorobenzene. This allows for solution processable donor/acceptor mixes, a necessary property for "printable" solar cells. However, considering the cost of fabricating fullerenes, it is not certain that this derivative can be synthesized on a large scale for commercial applications.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Paternò, Giuseppe; Warren, Anna J.; Spencer, Jacob; Evans, Gwyndaf; Sakai, Victoria García; Blumberger, Jochen; Cacialli, Franco (2013). "Micro-focused X-ray diffraction characterization of high-quality [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester single crystals without solvent impurities" (PDF). Journal of Materials Chemistry C. 1 (36): 5619–5623. doi:10.1039/C3TC31075B.
  2. ^ Larson, Bryon W.; Whitaker, James B.; Popov, Alexey A.; Kopidakis, Nikos; Rumbles, Garry; Boltalina, Olga V.; Strauss, Steven H. (2014). "Thermal [6,6] → [6,6] Isomerization and Decomposition of PCBM (Phenyl-C61-butyric Acid Methyl Ester)". Chemistry of Materials. 26 (7): 2361–2367. doi:10.1021/cm500594u.
  3. ^ Björström, Cecilia; Bernasik, Andrzej; Rysz, Jakub; Budkowski, Andrzej; Nilsson, Svante; Svensson, Mattias; Andersson, Mats; Magnusson, Kjell; Moons, Ellen (December 21, 2005). "Multilayer formation in spin-coated thin films of low-bandgap polyfluorene: PCBM blends". Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. 17 (50): L529–L534. doi:10.1088/0953-8984/17/50/L01.
  4. ^ Hummelen, Jan C.; Knight, Brian W.; Lepeq, F.; Wudl, Fred; Yao, Jie; Wilkins, Charles L. (1995). "Preparation and Characterization of Fulleroid and Methanofullerene Derivatives". The Journal of Organic Chemistry. 60 (3): 532–538. doi:10.1021/jo00108a012.