Plena Manlibro de Esperanta Gramatiko

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Plena Manlibro de Esperanta Gramatiko
PMEG 15.0 provizora PDF 17 Junio 2013.pdf
Author Bertilo Wennergren
Published 2006, 2013, 2016
ISBN 978-0-939785-07-0
OCLC 311169563

Plena Manlibro de Esperanta Gramatiko (PMEG, error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)) is a book which explains Esperanto grammar in an easy-to-learn format. It was mostly written by Bertilo Wennergren[1] and is for ordinary Esperanto speakers who want to study Esperanto's grammar, word construction, writing and pronunciation.[2]

It does not use traditional grammatical terminology,[3] which makes it easier to understand[4] than traditional grammar textbooks. Examples of the terms used are "O-vorto" (error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)) instead of "substantivo" (error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)) and "rolvorteto" (error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)) instead of "prepozicio" (error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)). These new grammatical terms are also more suitable to describe Esperanto than traditional terms. For example, using traditional terminology, the words "tiu" (error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)), "ambaŭ" (error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)) and "ties" (English: that one's) would be adjectives, but they behave very differently to the adjectives ending in "a"; the word "A-vorto" (error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)) groups words that behave similarly together.[5]

PMEG is mainly a practical guide and not really a theoretical work for linguists, unlike the Plena Analiza Gramatiko (error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)), which was regarded as "the largest research project into Esperanto's grammar" until PMEG's publication.[6]

Since 1995 it has existed on the Internet.[7] In 2006, the printed version, published by Esperanto-USA, became available for purchase, as well.

Only Wennergren is responsible for PMEG's contents, but many other people helped with the making of this book.


  1. ^ "Nova Pomego estos eĉ pli korekta". Libera Folio (in Esperanto). 2016-05-27. Archived from the original on 2016-05-27. 
  2. ^ DESMET', Petro (2006). "La unua Zamenhof-monumento de la 21a jarcento: dika Pomego! (recenzo pri Plena Manlibro de Esperanta Gramatiko de Bertilo Wennergren)". Monato (in Esperanto) (2006/07). p. 5. Retrieved 2016-06-27. 
  3. ^ Kris, Alen. "Amaraj provoj". La Ondo de Esperanto. (in Esperanto) (2006 №11 (145)). Retrieved 2016-06-26. 
  4. ^ BROADRIBB, Donald (2000). "Monato". Retrieved 2016-06-26. 
  5. ^ Wennergren, Bertilo (2006-11-28). "La gramatikaj terminoj en PMEG" (in Esperanto). Archived from the original on 2016-04-10. 
  6. ^ Sutton, Geoffrey (2008). Concise Encyclopedia of the Original Literature of Esperanto, 1887-2007. Mondial. p. 172. ISBN 978-1595690906. 
  7. ^ Dorcas, Filipo (2006). "PMEG is available now!". Esperanto‑USA. Archived from the original on April 17, 2016. 

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