||This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (August 2016)
Pennsylvania Railroad's E1 class comprised three experimental Atlantic 4-4-2 locomotives built in 1899 to compete with the Reading Railroad on the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Camden, New Jersey), to Atlantic City, New Jersey, high-speed seashore passenger train service. These engines were designed as cab-center or camelback locomotives with wide fireboxes and 80" drivers that carried 50,000 lbs per axle. They proved capable in fast service but the inherent danger of separating the engineer from the fireman was unacceptable to the PRR so they were sold to their subsidiary the Long Island Rail Road in 1903. While the camelback design was unfavorable the Atlantic style proved to be everything the Pennsylvania Railroad needed at that time. They went on to acquire 596 additional units over the next fifteen years.
E2 engine #269 the first of the class was built in July 1900 and was reclassified to E1a in 1902.
- ^ Staufer, Alvin F.; Edson, D. William; Harley, E. Thomas. Pennsy Power III. Staufer. ISBN 0-944513-10-7.