Pennsylvania Railroad class J1

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Pennsylvania Railroad J1
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Builder PRR Altoona Works
Build date 1942–1943
Total produced 125
 • Whyte 2-10-4
 • UIC 1′E2′ h
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver dia. 69 in (1.753 m)
Length 117 ft 8 in (35.86 m)
Adhesive weight 377,800 lb (171.4 t)
Loco weight 579,975 lb (263.1 t)
Tender weight 377,380 lb (171.2 t)
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 60,000 lb (27.2 t)
Water cap 21,000 US gal (79,000 l; 17,000 imp gal)
 • Firegrate area
122 sq ft (11.3 m2)
Boiler pressure 270 psi (1.86 MPa)
Cylinders Two
Cylinder size 29 in × 34 in (737 mm × 864 mm)
Performance figures
Tractive effort 95,100 lbf (423.0 kN)
Numbers 6150–6174, 6401–6500
Disposition All scrapped

The PRR J1 was a class of 2-10-4 or "Texas" type steam locomotives with 69 in (180 cm) driving wheels built between 1943 and 1944. The J1 had over 95,000 pounds-force (422.6 kN) of tractive effort, plus an additional 15,000 lbf (66.7 kN) if the booster engine was used.


As with many of the Pennsylvania Railroad's steam locomotives, the J1 had its headlight above the smokebox. Like the M1 the J1 had a keystone numberplate, unlike the round numberplates seen on the rest of the PRR's freight steam locomotives. They were also equipped with Baker valve gear instead of Walschaerts valve gear which was more common on the PRR. Additionally, they had radial-stay fireboxes instead of the Belpaire fireboxes seen on nearly all of the Pennsylvania Railroad's steam locomotives. Mechanically, these locomotives were identical to the C&O's T-1 class 2-10-4s.


During World War II the Pennsylvania Railroad needed heavier locomotives to pull freight and military equipment, but wartime restrictions prohibited the development of a new locomotive design. In response to this the Pennsylvania Railroad borrowed a 2-6-6-4 Class A of the Norfolk & Western Railway and a 2-10-4 from the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad. Both locomotives underwent extensive testing, with the C&O 2-10-4 chosen to be produced. A total of 125 were built at PRR's shops in Juniata, Pennsylvania. They came to be known as the PRR's "War Babies," but the J1's remained in service into the 1950s. When the Pennsylvania Railroad converted from steam power to diesel, the PRR scrapped most of them in 1958 with the exception of 25. The remaining 25 were scrapped in 1959.

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