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Padarn Beisrudd ap Tegid literally translates as Paternus of the Scarlet Robe, son of Tegid. His father, Tegid ap Iago, may have borne the Roman name of Tacitus. Padarn is believed to have been born around AD 400 in the Old North (or Hen Gogledd) of Roman Britain. According to Old Welsh tradition, his grandson, Cunedda certainly came from Manaw Gododdin, the modern Clackmannanshire region of Scotland.
One traditional interpretation identifies Padarn as a Roman (or Romano-British) official of reasonably high rank who had been placed in command of Votadini troops stationed in Clackmannanshire in the 380s or earlier by the Emperor Magnus Maximus. Alternatively, he may have been a frontier chieftain in the same region who was granted Roman military rank, a practice attested elsewhere along the empire's borders at the time.
His command in part of what is now Scotland probably lasted till his death and was then assumed by his son Edern (Edeyrn=Eternus). Edern was the father of Cunedda, founder of the Kingdom of Gwynedd.
The coat of Padarn Redcoat is one of the Thirteen Treasures of the Island of Britain, where it is said to fit perfectly any brave man, but will not fit cowards.
In literature and film
- Williams, Robert (1852). Enwogion Cymru. W.Rees. p. 388. Retrieved Aug 28, 2018.
- Lloyd, John Edward. "Cunedda Wledig", Dictionary of Welsh Biography
- Lloyd, John Edward (1911). A History of Wales from the Earliest Times to the Edwardian Conquest, vol.1. Longmans, Green, and Company. pp. 117–118. Retrieved Aug 28, 2018.
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