Paleoctenophora

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Paleoctenophora brasseli
Temporal range: Emsian
Paleoctenophora brasseli.JPG
Artist's reconstruction
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Ctenophora
Class: Tentaculata
Order: Cydippida
Genus: Paleoctenophora
Species: P. brasseli
Binomial name
Paleoctenophora brasseli
(Stanley & Stürner, 1983)

Paleoctenophora brasseli is a fossil of a marine species ctenophore,[1] found in Devonian slate near the German town of Buntenbach in Hunsrück, Germany, as a member of the Hunsrück Slate Lagerstätte.

Paleobiology[edit]

It is approximately 400 million years old. Compared to the other Hunsrück species, Archaeocydippida hunsrueckiana, P. brasseli is poorly preserved. Portions of comb rows are preserved, but the number can not be determined: P. brasseli is assumed to have around 8 rows, based on comparison with the similar-looking modern sea gooseberry genus, Pleurobrachia, from the North Sea. The specimen does show the statocyst, however.[2]

Both specimens of A. hunsrueckiana and P. brasseli are too delicate to be prepared, and all information extracted from them have been done via radiography[2]

Etymology[edit]

It is named after the fossil collector Günther Brassel and first documented in Nature magazine in 1983. The only known example is now in the Bavarian State Collection.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=559324
  2. ^ a b Bartels, Christoph (2009). The fossils of the Hunsruck, Marine life in the Devonian (2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 86–88. ISBN 978-0-521-44190-2. 
  • Bartels, C., Brassel, G., Fossilien im Hunsrückschiefer, Dokumente des Meereslebens im Devon, Museum Idar-Oberstein, 7, Seite 63
  • Conway Morris, S., Collins, D. H., Middle Cambrian ctenophores from the Stephen formation, British Columbia, Canada, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 351, 1996, Seite 279
  • Otto, M., Zur Frage der Weichtiererhaltung im Hunsrückschiefer, Geol. Palaeont. 28, Seite 45
  • George D. Stanley Jr., Wilhelm Stürmer, The first fossil ctenophore from the Lower Devonian of West Germany, Nature, 303, 1983, Seite 518