Pan Pan

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For the distress call, see Pan-pan.
Pan Pan
300 AD–700 AD
Approximate location of Pan Pan.
Capital Unknown
Languages Malay language
Religion Hindu
Government Monarchy
Raja Kaundinya II
 •  Established 300 AD
 •  Disestablished 700 AD
Today part of  Malaysia
Part of a series on the
History of Malaysia
The independence of Malaya and the merger proclamation of North Borneo and Sarawak to formed Malaysia.

Pan Pan or Panpan was a lost small Hindu Kingdom believed to have existed around 3rd–7th Century CE., somewhere in Kelantan or Terengganu, Malaysia.[1] It is speculated to be related to Pan tan i (the Pattani Kingdom), which occupied the same area many centuries later, and has some differences in culture and language to other Malay regions nearby.


Little is known about this kingdom. The kingdom was later conquered by Srivijaya under the leadership of Dharmasetu before 775 CE.[2]

From the period of 424 to 453, the kingdom sent its first missions to China.[3]:52 From here, Kaundinya II is said to have tried to re-introduce Hinduism to the Kingdom of Funan on the other side of the Gulf of Siam.[4]

During the Chinese Southern and Northern Dynasties, in year 529, 533, 534, 535 and 571 the Kingdom of Pan Pan sent tribute to China.[5] In year 616 and 637, the Kingdom of Pan Pan sent tribute to Tang dynasty.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Dougald J. W. O'Reilly (2007). Early Civilizations of Southeast Asia. Rowman Altamira. ISBN 0-7591-0279-1. 
  2. ^ Munoz, Paul Michel (2006). Early Kingdoms of the Indonesian Archipelago and the Malay Peninsula. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet. pp. 130–131. ISBN 981-4155-67-5. 
  3. ^ Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella, ed. The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. trans.Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1. 
  4. ^ Hall, D.G.E. (1981). A History of South-East Asia, Fourth Edition. Hong Kong: Macmillan Education Ltd. p. 38. ISBN 0-333-24163-0. 
  5. ^ Annals of Liang dynasty. Annals of Chen dynasty
  6. ^ Annal of Tang dynasty. Foreign countries at the South.