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Region of origin Persia
Meaning Originally meant butterfly
Other names
Variant(s) Piracha, Peracha, Pracha, Paracha, Ferasha

Piracha (Urdu: پراچہ ; Punjabi: ਪੀਰਚਾ) (also known as Peracha, Pracha, Paracha) is a community in Pakistan. They are native to the hilly Potohar region of north Punjab and areas near the Punjab-NWFP border.[1]


In A Glossary of Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province (1911), Horace Arthur Rose, a British bureaucrat serving in the British colonial government in India, devotes an entire section to the history of the Pirachas.[2] It quoted some elders of the tribe saying that the Piracha tribe migrated from Persia as Zoroastrians and became Buddhists in India. They then converted to Islam sometime in the 11th century.[2] This version of the community's origin has been corroborated by Ahmad Hasan Dani in Pakistan through the Ages (2007). In the book, he mentions the names of some of the tribes which accompanied the Kushans, who established an empire in Afghanistan and north-western Pakistan between the first and third centuries.[2] According to Dani, the Kushan were a syncretic people in Persia and Central Asia.[2] They were followers of a faith which was a hybrid of Zoroastrianism and classical Greek mythology.[2] During the rule of Kanishka, the empire became entirely Buddhist.[2] One of the tribes which accompanied the Kushans into what today is Pakistan, was called Pirache which later became Paracha and/or Piracha.[2]


  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference Paracha was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Dubious ancestors". Dawn. 23 January 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2017. 

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