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Region of originIndian subcontinent
Other names
Variant(s)Paracha, Peracha, Pracha, Paracha

Paracha (Urdu: پراچہ, Hindi: पराचा) or Piracha (Urdu: پِراچہ, Hindi: पिराचा), also known as Peracha, Piracha ,Pracha, and Paracha, is a family name in India and Pakistan, most common in the Punjab region.[1]


The Piracha caste is native to the Gandhara region of the Indian subcontinent, with the caste name being of Hindi origin.[2]

The Rawalpindi Gazetteer recorded the principal settlements of the Piracha as being Makhad and Attock, stating that the Piracha were of Hindu origin, as with the Khoja; many Piracha later converted to Islam.[3]

The Gazetteer of the Shahpur District mentioned that the Piracha caste engaged in trade and preferred to record their transactions in Hindi, as with the Khoja.[4]

In the early 1980s, a self-published book titled History & Culture of the Paracha Tribe claimed that the Piracha caste was descended from a man named Ali Yemeni, although the "author of the book had not cited any convincing sources to substantiate his claims", reflecting that this theory of origin was most likely "concocted".[1]

Today, the Pirachas are scattered all over the world, and follow the various professions which are mainly business, trading, writing, and politics.


  1. ^ a b Paracha, Nadeem F. (22 January 2017). "Dubious ancestors". Dawn. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  2. ^ Journal of Asian Civilisations, Volume 28. Taxila Institute of Asian Civilisations. 2005. p. 72. Reminiscent of the millennium before Christ, Paracha, a Hindi word, has been in common use as a tribal designation in Gandhara and surrounding provinces, for centuries.
  3. ^ Gazetteer of the Rawalpindi District, Revised Edition (1893-94). Civil and Military Gazette Press. 1896. p. 104. The principal settlements of Parachas are at Makhad and Attock, both on the Indus. They are a race of traders who transactions extend to Turkistan and the Khanates. They are converted Hindus, and seem to be much the same as Khojas.
  4. ^ Wilson, J. (1897). Gazetteer of the Shahpur District. Civil and Military Gazette Press. p. 91. The Musalman Khoja and Piracha traders however mostly keep their accounts in Hindi.

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