Parani (Tamil literature genre)
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Parani is one of the 96 minor literary genres collectively known as ‘Sittrilakkiyam’ in Tamil. The earliest examples of Parani Ilakkiyam (grammar) are traced to the 11th century A.D. A Parani celebrates the valour and heroism of a king or a soldier who has won a great battle after slaying 1,000 elephants. An interesting feature of Parani is that they are named not after the victorious, but after the vanquished or the place of the battle.
- Narayan, Shyamala A.; Mukherjee, Sujit (2000). "A Dictionary of Indian Literature. 1: Beginnings-1850". World Literature Today. 74 (4): 281. doi:10.2307/40156118. ISSN 0196-3570. JSTOR 40156118.