Parent Effectiveness Training
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Parent Effectiveness Training (P.E.T.) is a parent education program based on the Gordon Model by Thomas Gordon. Dr. Gordon taught the first P.E.T. course in 1962 and the courses proved to be so popular with parents that he began training instructors throughout the United States to teach it in their communities. Over the next several years, the course spread to all 50 states. In 1970, Dr. Gordon wrote the Parent Effectiveness Training (P.E.T.) book which gave many more parents access to this new parenting philosophy. As a result, people in many parts of the world became interested in making the course available in their countries. The book became a best-seller and was updated in 2000 revised book.
P.E.T. is neither authoritarian nor permissive, both of which are win-lose approaches to parent-child communication. Central to P.E.T. philosophy is how parents can raise children without the use of punitive discipline which is damaging both to the parent, the child and their relationship. Permissiveness doesn't work either. Instead, Dr. Gordon advocated a no-lose method, a method of resolving conflicts in which both the parent and the child get their needs met.
Gordon's Model upon which the P.E.T. course is based, is a set of concepts and skills for more democratic, collaborative relationships. Core skills are Active Listening, I-Messages, Shifting Gears and No-Lose Conflict Resolution. Knowing which skill to use when is facilitated by the Behavior Window, inviting clarity on "whose problem is this?" Identifying "who owns the problem" is promoted as a big first step in resolving interpersonal conflict successfully.
Gordon Training International, the organization that Dr. Gordon founded, has a network of P.E.T. Representatives and Instructors in 43 countries who make the course available to the parents of all cultural, racial and religious backgrounds.
Active listening is a special way of reflecting back what the other person has said, to let them know that you're listening and to check your understanding of what he means. It is a restatement of the other person's total communication: the words of the message plus the accompanying feelings.
There are several types of I messages, all of which communicate information about the self. When dealing with a problem in which the parent owns the problem, use of confrontive I messages is encouraged. These messages should include the behavior that is causing a problem, the effect on the parent, and how the parent feels about the situation. It should also include as little judgement as possible. For instance, instead of saying "you are being rude and inconsiderate" the parent would say something like "I don't like it when you talk this loud during the news because I can't hear it."
No-Lose Conflict Resolution
No-Lose Conflict Resolution is based on John Dewey's six steps to creative solutions for conflicts. The goal is to find a solution that is acceptable to both people involved in the conflict. No one loses, both win.
The Behavior Window is a visual diagram used to determine who owns the problem when one occurs in a relationship. The window is divided into four parts: Child Owns the Problem, No Problem Area, Parent Owns the Problem, Both Own the Problem. Depending on who has the problem, the Gordon Model offers specific communication and conflict resolution skills for resolving it successfully.
- Gershoff, Elizabeth T. (2010). "More Harm than Good: A Summary of Scientific Research on the Intended and Unintended Effects of Corporal Punishment on Children". Law and Contemporary Problems. 73 (2): 31–56, 45 – via Duke Law Scholarship Repository.
- Gordon Training International
- Parenting Program Comparison: How does the Gordon Model differ from other parenting programs?