Parliament of Paris

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Lit de justice held by Louis XV of France at the Parliament of Paris in 1715

The Parliament of Paris (French: Parlement de Paris) was the oldest parlement in the Kingdom of France, formed in the 13th century. It was fixed in Paris by Philip IV of France[1] in 1302. The Parliament of Paris would hold sessions inside the medieval royal palace on the Île de la Cité, nowadays still the site of the Paris Hall of Justice.

History[edit]

In 1589, Paris was effectively in the hands of the Catholic League. To escape, Henry III of France summoned the parliament of Paris to meet at Tours, but only a small faction of its parliamentarians accepted the summons. (Henry also held a parliament at Châlons, a town remaining faithful to the king, known as the Parliament of Châlons.) Following the king's assassination by the monk Jacques Clément, the "Parliament of Tours" continued to sit during the first years of Henry IV of France's reign. The royalist members of the other provincial parliaments also split off—the royalist members of the Parliament of Rouen seceded to Caen, those in the Parliament of Toulouse to Carcassonne, and those of Parliament of Dijon to Semur and to Flavigny.

The Parliament of Paris played a major role in stimulating the nobility to resist the expansion of royal power by military force in the Parliamentary Fronde, 1648–1649. In the end, King Louis XIV won out and the nobility was humiliated.[2]

Remontrances du Parlement de Paris au Roy - 1731.jpeg

At a session of the Parliament of Paris on 3 March 1766 known as la Séance de la Flagellation ("the Flagellation Session"), Louis XV asserted that sovereign power resided in his person only.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rev. Dr. Cobham Brewer (1878). The Political, Social, and Literary History of France. London. p. 68.
  2. ^ Moote, A. Lloyd (1971). The Revolt of the Judges: the Parliament of Paris and the Fronde, 1643–1652. Princeton University Press.

Further reading[edit]

  • Prothero, G. W. (1898). "The Parlement of Paris". English Historical Review. 13 (50). pp. 229–241. JSTOR 547224.
  • Rogister, John (2002). Louis XV and the Parlement of Paris, 1737–55. Cambridge University Press.
  • Shennan, J. H. (1965). "The Political Role of the Parlement of Paris, 1715–23". Historical Journal. 8 (2). pp. 179–200. JSTOR 3020457.
  • Shennan, Joseph Hugh (1998). The Parlement of Paris.
  • Stone, Bailey (1981). The Parlement of Paris, 1774–1789. University of North Carolina Press.
  • Swann, Julian (1995). Politics and the Parlement of Paris under Louis XV, 1754–1774. Cambridge University Press.