Parliament of Aix-en-Provence

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The Parliament of Aix-en-Provence was the regional parliament of Provence from 1501 to 1790. It was headquartered in Aix-en-Provence, which served as the de facto capital of Provence.

History[edit]

The region of Provence became a member of the Kingdom of France in 1481.[1] Two decades later, in 1501, King Louis XII of France (1462–1515) established the Parliament of Provence in Aix-en-Provence.[1][2][3] By 1535, the powers of the seneschal of Provence were given to the Parliament of Aix.[3] It was modeled after the Parliament of Paris.[1] It set administrative and regulatory guidelines for Provence.[1][3] It was also in charge of police and healthcare, as well as the oversight of boarding houses, prostitution, religious freedom, etc.[1][3] At times, the Parliament was closer to the King of France or the Pope, depending on its wishes.[3] For example, in 1590, when it refused to follow Henry IV of France (1553–1610), the King established another parliament in Pertuis.[4]

It comprised first presidents, présidents à mortier, advisors, general advocates, advocates for the poor, etc. By 1604, it became legal to purchase a hereditary position and pass it on to one's male heirs.[1] By 1789, only 6% were commoners, the rest of which were aristocrats.[1] A third were only recently ennobled, even though by 1769 it became practically impossible to join the Parliament if one failed to have four aristocratic ancestors.[1]

It was dismantled in September 1790, during the French Revolution.[1][3][5]

First Presidents[edit]

Président à mortier[edit]

  • 1542: Jean Maynier d'Oppède
  • 1543: François de La Fonds (also Lafont)
  • 1553: Rémy Ambroix
  • 1554: Jean-Augustin de Foresta
  • 1554: Louis Puget de Fuveau
  • 1558: François de Pérussis de Lauris
  • 1559: Gaspard Garde de Vins
  • 1568: Louis de Coriolis
  • 1573: Boniface de Pellicot
  • 1575: Claude de Pérussis
  • 1575: Robert de Montcalm
  • 1585: François d'Estienne de Saint-Jean
  • 1585: Louis Chaine (also Chène)
  • 1587: Raimond de Piolenc
  • 1595: Marc-Antoine Escalis
  • 1600: Laurent de Coriolis de Corbières
  • 1604: Joseph Aimar de Montlaur
  • 1610: Honoré Aimar de Montsallier (also Aymar)
  • 1613: Jean-Baptiste Chaine
  • 1615: Vincent-Anne de Forbin-Mainier d'Oppède
  • 1616: Jean-Louis Monier de Châteaudeuil
  • 1621: Gabriel Estienne de Saint-Jean
  • 1622: Antoine Séguiran de Bouc
  • 1624: Jean-Baptiste Forbin de la Roque-d'Anthéron
  • 1630: Jean-Augustin Foresta de la Roquette
  • 1632: Louis de Paule
  • 1643: Charles de Grimaldi-Régusse (1612-1687)
  • 1625: Honoré de Coriolis
  • 1644: Lazare du Chaine de la Roquette
  • 1645L Henri de Forbin-Maynier d'Oppède
  • 1645: Melchior de Forbin de la Roque
  • 1650: Louis de Cormis de Bregançon
  • 1651: Pierre de Coriolis de Villeneuve d'Espinouse
  • 1655: Henri d'Escalis de Sabran de Bras
  • 1662: Auguste Thomas de la Garde
  • 1662: Jean de Simiane de la Cepède de la Coste
  • 1673: Jean-Baptiste de Forbin-Maynier d'Oppède
  • 1674: Gaspard Grimaldy de Régusse
  • 1674: Claude Milan de Cornillon
  • 1686: Joseph-Anne de Valbelle de Tourves
  • 1690: Jean-Baptiste-Joseph de Coriolis de Villeneuve d'Espinouse
  • 1694: Silvy Raousset de Boulbon
  • 1694: Antoine Albert du Chaine de Saint-Martin-d'Alignosc
  • 1694: Pierre-Joseph de Laurens de Saint-Martin de Pallières
  • 1699: François Boyer de Bandol
  • 1702: Jean-Baptiste Thomassin de Saint-Paul
  • 1702: Jean-Baptiste de Maliverny
  • 1702: Honoré-Henri de Piolenc
  • 1705: Jean-Estienne de Thomassin de Saint-Paul
  • 1709: Pierre-Joseph de Laurent de Saint-Martin de Pallières
  • 1712: Pierre de Coriolis d'Espinouse
  • 1718: Cosme-Maximilien-Marcelin-Louis-Joseph de Valbelle de Sainte-Tulle
  • 1718: Zacharie de Raousset de Boulbon
  • 1720: Charles de Grimaldi-Régusse
  • 1724: Charles-Louis-Sextius de Grimaldi-Régusse
  • 1731: Joseph-Claude de Maliverny
  • 1731: Jean-Louis-Gabriel de Thomassin de Saint-Paul
  • 1733: Jean-Baptiste Bruny d'Entrecasteaux
  • 1736: François-Charles-Xavier de Coriolis de Villeneuve d'Espinouse
  • 1740: André-Elzéard d'Arbaud de Jouques (1676-1744)
  • 1740: Gaspard de Gueidan (1688-1767)
  • 1742: Louis de Thomassin de Peynier
  • 1746: Jules-François-Paul Fauris de Saint-Vincens
  • 1747: Alexandre-Jean-Baptiste de Boyer d'Eguilles
  • 1748: Jean-Luc de Thomassin de Peynier
  • 1756: Joseph-Étienne de Thomassin de Saint-Paul
  • 1756: Bruno-Paul-Théodore Bruny d'Entrecasteaux (also Pierre-Paul-Théodore)
  • 1766: Pierre de Laurens de Peyrolles
  • 1767: Michel-Antoine d'Albert de Saint-Hippolyte
  • 1768: André-Elzéard d'Arbaud de Jouques II (1737-1793)
  • 1776: Jean-Louis-Martin Arlatan de Montaud
  • 1776: François-Marie-Jean-Baptiste de Cabre
  • 1777: Jean-Baptiste Jérome Bruny de la Tour-d'Aigues
  • 1782: Alexandre de Fauris de Saint-Vincens (1750-1815)
  • 1782: Jean-Baptiste-Joseph-Guillaume-Bruno Bruny d'Entrecasteaux
  • 1782: Michel-Gabriel-Albert d'Albert de Saint-Hippolyte

Counsellors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Monique Cubells, Le Parlement de Provence, Cite du Livre
  2. ^ Noël Coulet, 'D'un parlement à l'autre (1415-1501)', in Le parlement de Provence : 1501-1790, Aix-en-Provence: Publications de l'Université de Provence, 2002, p. 19
  3. ^ a b c d e f Archives 13
  4. ^ Pierre Miquel, Les Guerres de religion, Paris: Club France Loisirs, 1980, p. 367
  5. ^ Charles de Ribbe, Pascalis - Étude sur la fin de la Constitution provençale, 1787-1790, Dentu, 1854, p. 241