Parnassius simonius

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Parnassius simonius
Parnassius simonius ulster.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Papilionidae
Genus: Parnassius
Species: P. simonius
Binomial name
Parnassius simonius
Staudinger, 1889

Parnassius simonius is a high-altitude butterfly which is found only in the Pamir Mountains of Central Asia. The type locality is Aram-Kunghei, Zaalaisky Mountains, Kyrgyzstan. It is a member of the snow Apollo genus (Parnassius) of the swallowtail (Papilionidae) family.

P. simonius is found on slopes at 3,400-4,500 m flying in July. The larva is associated with Lagotis decumbens and Veronica luetkeana.


P. simo differs from P. simonius by the upper hindwing having its submarginal band represented by a discontinuous row of arrow-like teeth and from P. boedromius, by the upper hindwing submarginal band being smoothly dentate (tooth like).


  • Parnassius simonius simonius
  • Parnassius simonius grayi Avinoff, 1916
  • Parnassius simonius nigrificatus Kreuzberg, 1986
  • Parnassius simonius taldicus Gundorov, 1991[1]


Further reading[edit]