Parvimolge townsendi

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Parvimolge townsendi
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Urodela
Family: Plethodontidae
Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae
Genus: Parvimolge
Taylor, 1944
Species: P. townsendi
Binomial name
Parvimolge townsendi
(Dunn, 1922)[2]
Synonyms

Oedipus townsendi Dunn, 1922
Bolitoglossa townsendi (Dunn, 1922)

Parvimolge townsendi, the Townsend's dwarf salamander, is a salamander in the family Plethodontidae, the lungless salamanders.[3] It is monotypic within the genus Parvimolge, although this may yet change as molecular data suggest that it is embedded within a paraphyletic Pseudoeurycea.[4][5] Parvimolge townsendi is endemic to the Sierra Madre Oriental in central and southern Veracruz, Mexico.[1][3]

Habitat and conservation[edit]

Natural habitats of Parvimolge townsendi are cloud and oak forests. They are usually found living in bromeliads or on the ground. They are somewhat adaptable and can survive in shaded coffee plantations as long as humidity levels are maintained.[1]

Parvimolge townsendi has never been common, but it has undergone significant population declines. It has only been observed once since 1997, despite efforts to locate it. It is threatened by habitat loss, but more information on the reasons for the decline of this species is needed.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Parra Olea, G. & Wake, D. (2008). "Parvimolge townsendi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 27 August 2015. 
  2. ^ Dunn, E. R. (1922). "A new salamander from Mexico". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 35: 5–6. 
  3. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Parvimolge townsendi (Dunn, 1922)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 27 August 2015. 
  4. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Parvimolge Taylor, 1944". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 27 August 2015. 
  5. ^ Wiens, J. J; Parra-Olea, G.; Garcia-Paris, M.; Wake, D. B (2007). "Phylogenetic history underlies elevational biodiversity patterns in tropical salamanders". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 274 (1612): 919. doi:10.1098/rspb.2006.0301. PMC 2141676Freely accessible. PMID 17284409. 

External links[edit]

  • AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. 2008. Berkeley, California: Parvimolge. AmphibiaWeb, available at http://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed: August 1, 2008).