Pasqua Rosée

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Pasqua Rosée opened the first[1][2] coffeehouse in London in 1652.[3] The coffeehouse was located in St. Michael's Alley, Cornhill. However, Rosée opened his very first coffee shop in Oxford, England in 1651.[4]

Rosée was born in a maritime Republic of Ragusa in the early seventeenth century.[5] In 1651 a merchant named Daniel Edwards, a member of the Levant Company and a trader in Turkish goods, encountered Rosée at Smyrna in Anatolia,[6] employed him as a manservant[7] and brought him back to Britain.

Once there, Rosée set up the establishment, its sign a portrait of Rosée.[8] In 1654, to circumvent resistance from local alehouse traders, he accepted Christoper Bowman as a business partner because he was a freeman of the city of London. Bowman had been the coachman of Alderman Thomas Hodges, Edwards' father-in-law.

The Jamaica Wine House now reputedly occupies the same space.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Printer's Devil Project: The Coffee House Archived 2013-08-01 at Archive.is
  2. ^ A Albion Revisitada - By Luiz Carlos Soares - Page 226 - Google Books (Soares, Luiz Carlos. The Albion revisited: science, religion, illustration and commercialization of leisure in eighteenth-century England) (SOARES, Luiz Carlos. A Albion revisitada : ciência, religião, ilustração e comercialização do lazer na Inglaterra do século XVIII. Rio de Janeiro : 7Letras, 2007. 275 p.)
  3. ^ Coffee House Tokens - Robert Thompson, London Numismatic Club, 3 October 2006
  4. ^ Gately, Iain (2009). Drink: A Cultural History of Alcohol. New York: Gotham Books. p. 139. ISBN 978-1-592-40464-3.
  5. ^ The Ladies' Repository, Volume 5; Volume 30; p. 249; Isaac William Wiley
  6. ^ The World of Caffeine: The Science and Culture of the World's Most Popular Drug By Bennett Alan Weinberg, Bonnie K. Bealer
  7. ^ British Muslim Heritage - The London Coffee House
  8. ^ "The Vertue of the COFFEE Drink" - 1652 handbill, advertising St. Michael's Alley, the first coffee shop in London. It is held in the British Museum.
  9. ^ Jamaica Wine House, in the alley just off Cornhill, at the church of St Michael, occupies the Pasqua Rosée Coffee House site