Pasqua Rosée

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Pasqua Rosée opened the first[1][2] coffeehouse in London in 1652.[3] The coffeehouse was located in St. Michael's Alley, Cornhill. However, Rosée opened his very first coffee shop in Oxford, England in 1651.[4]

Rosée was born in a maritime Republic of Ragusa in the early seventeenth century.[5] In 1651 a merchant named Daniel Edwards, a member of the Levant Company and a trader in Turkish goods, encountered Rosée at Smyrna in Anatolia,[6] employed him as a manservant[7] and brought him back to Britain.

Once there, Rosée set up the establishment, its sign a portrait of Rosée.[8] In 1654, to circumvent resistance from local alehouse traders, he accepted Christoper Bowman as a business partner because he was a freeman of the city of London. Bowman had been the coachman of Alderman Thomas Hodges, Edwards' father-in-law.

The Jamaica Wine House now reputedly occupies the same space.[9]