Patrick Moynihan, 2nd Baron Moynihan

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The Lord Moynihan
Born Patrick Berkeley Moynihan
(1906-07-29)29 July 1906
Died 30 April 1965(1965-04-30) (aged 58)
Title Baron Moynihan
Tenure 1936-1965
Nationality British
Predecessor Berkeley Moynihan, 1st Baron Moynihan
Successor Antony Moynihan, 3rd Baron Moynihan
Parents Berkeley Moynihan
Isabella Jessop
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
7 September 1936 – 30 April 1965
Hereditary Peerage
Preceded by Berkeley Moynihan
Succeeded by Antony Moynihan

Patrick Berkeley Moynihan, 2nd Baron Moynihan (29 July 1906–30 April 1965) was a British politician and peer.

Early life[edit]

Moynihan was born in Leeds in 1906, the only son of the surgeon Berkeley Moynihan, 1st Baron Moynihan. He studied law and became a barrister at Lincoln's Inn. He then became a stockbroker, moving to New York City, where he was active during the Wall Street Crash, then joined the New York Stock Exchange in 1932.[1] He succeeded his father as 2nd Baron Moynihan in 1936.[2]

Liberal Politics[edit]

Moynihan followed his father in taking the Liberal Party whip in the House of Lords.[3] By 1947, he was the treasurer of the party, and commented that he believed that the Labour Party's social reforms were close to the spirit of the Liberals, but that they ignored the individual.[4] In 1949, he became the party chairman.[5] His time as chairman was dominated by the 1950 general election, and a dispute with the Conservative Party, who ran National Liberal Party candidates under the label "Liberal and Conservative".[6]

In February 1950, an object hit Moynihan's car while he was driving in Epping Forest. He claimed that it might have been a bullet, although he was unable to prove this.[7]

In 1950 and 1951, Moynihan served as President of the National Union of Liberal Clubs,[8] and he again became the party treasurer.[9]

Long a friend of Edward Martell, in 1956 Moynihan was a founder member of his People's League for the Defence of Freedom, which claimed to combat the "tyranny of trade unions".[10] The new organisation was opposed by the Executive of the Liberal Party, which was concerned that it was contemplating standing rival political candidates, and also opposed its calls for strikebreaking.[11] The People's League became the National Fellowship, which opposed immigration and entry to the Common Market. Because of his support for the new organisation, in 1962, Moynihan was removed as a vice-president of the Yorkshire Area Liberal Federation.[12] In 1963, Moynihan resigned from the Liberal Party, citing his membership of Martell's latest organisation, the Freedom Group, which actively supported Conservative candidates.[13] However, in 1964, he began disassociating himself from Martell, resigning his posts in Martell's organisations by early 1965.[1]

Marriages & Children[edit]

Lord Moynihan married firstly Ierne Helen Candy on 8 April 1931. They had the following children:

  • Hon Imogen Anne Ierne Moynihan (born 12 April 1932), married firstly Michael Edward Peter Williams (son of Wg Cdr Gwyn Herschell Jones Williams) on 3 September 1953, later divorced. She married, secondly, Charles Ivan Vance on 23 April 1965.[14]
  • Hon Juliet Jane Margaretta Moynihan (born 18 April 1934, died 24 September 2006), married firstly Thomas Edwin Bidwell Abraham (son of Maj Gen William Ernest Victor Abraham) on 25 July 1958. She married secondly Harry Hougham Sparks in 1978.[15]
  • Antony Patrick Andrew Cairnes Berkeley Moynihan, 3rd Baron Moynihan (born 2 February 1936, died 24 November 1991)

They were divorced in 1952 and Lord Moynihan subsequently married June Elizabeth Hopkins on 28 November 1952. They had the following children:

Death[edit]

In April 1965, Lord Moynihan was charged with "persistently importuning for an immoral purpose". He was taken ill and died aged 58 on 30 April, a few days before he was due to appear at Bow Street Magistrates' Court.[1][16] He was succeeded in the barony and baronetcy by his elder son Antony.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Obituary: Lord Moynihan", The Guardian, 1 May 1965
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Peerage Page
  3. ^ "Hospital dispute", Manchester Guardian, 3 December 1946
  4. ^ "Lord Moynihan and Labour's method", Manchester Guardian, 17 April 1948
  5. ^ "Conscription a cause of inefficiency in forces", Manchester Guardian, 5 May 1949
  6. ^ "Use of word "liberal"", Manchester Guardian, 21 January 1950
  7. ^ "'Pot shot' at Lord Moynihan?", The Observer, 12 February 1950
  8. ^ "National Union of Liberal Clubs", Manchester Guardian, 7 May 1951
  9. ^ "Undoing some damage", Manchester Guardian, 24 September 1951
  10. ^ "Growing tyranny of trade unions", Manchester Guardian, 28 May 1956
  11. ^ "Liberal Party "true league for the defence of freedom"", Manchester Guardian, 22 September 1956
  12. ^ "Lord Moynihan "dismissed"", The Guardian, 12 March 1962
  13. ^ Francis Boyd, "Former Liberal chairman resigns from party", The Guardian, 18 November 1963
  14. ^ [The Peerage, entry for Hon Imogen Moynihan]
  15. ^ [The Peerage, entry for Hon Juliet Moynihan]
  16. ^ "Lord Moynihan ill", The Guardian, 30 April 1965
  17. ^ The Peerage, entry for 2nd Baron Moynihan
Party political offices
Preceded by
Philip Fothergill
Chairman of the Liberal Party
1949–1950
Succeeded by
Frank Byers
Preceded by
Philip Rea
Treasurer of the Liberal Party
1947–1953
With: Wulff Henry Grey (1950–1953)
Ivor Guest (1950–1952)
Succeeded by
Baron Grantchester
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Berkeley Moynihan
Baron Moynihan
1936–1965
Succeeded by
Antony Moynihan