Paul Kroegel

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Paul Kroegel
Sebastian FL Kroegel memorial01.jpg
Memorial to Kroegel in Sebastian
Born (1864-01-09)January 9, 1864
Chemnitz, Germany
Died January 1948 (aged 83–84)
Sebastian, Florida

Paul Kroegel (January 9, 1864 – 1948) was a German immigrant to the United States who helped establish Pelican Island as a bird sanctuary in Florida.[1][2] Kroegel is listed as a Great Floridian.

Kroegel was born in Chemnitz, Germany. He arrived in Sebastian, Florida in 1881 and homesteaded with his father on a shell midden on the west bank of the Indian River Lagoon overlooking Pelican Island. The island consisted of a five-acres of mangrove where thousands of brown pelicans and other water birds would roost and nest. Kroegel protected the island's avian inhabitants with his shotgun and would stand guard at a time when neither state nor federal laws protected the animals.[2]

Influential naturalists visited and stayed at the nearby Oak Lodge from the 1880s to the early 1900s, including ornithologist Frank Chapman (ornithologist) (curator at the American Museum of Natural History in New York. In 1901, the American Ornithologists' Union and the Florida Audubon Society led efforts to pass legislation in Florida calling for the protection of non-game birds. Kroegel was one of four wardens hired by the Florida Audubon Society to protect water birds from market hunters. Two of the wardens were murdered doing this work.[2]

Additional protections were granted by president Theodore Roosevelt who signed an executive order establishing Pelican Island as the first federal bird reservation, part of a network of 55 bird reservation and national game preserved for wildlife that were forerunners to the national wildlife refuge system. Paul Kroegel was hired as the first national wildlife refuge manager. He was paid $1 a month by the Florida Audubon Society (Congress had not set aside funds for the refuge).[2]

He was a founding member of the St. Lucie County Board of Commissioners in 1905.

He died in Sebastian, Florida in 1948.[1]