Pea Ridge Confederate order of battle

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Black and white print shows a mounted man with his arm in a sling rallying soldiers during a battle. There is a two-story building at right.
Sterling Price rallies his men on the second day of the Battle of Pea Ridge.

The Battle of Pea Ridge (March 7–8, 1862) saw a Confederate States Army led by Earl Van Dorn attack a Union Army commanded by Samuel Ryan Curtis in northwestern Arkansas. Van Dorn divided his army into two columns under Sterling Price and Benjamin McCulloch and sent both in a deep envelopment of the Union position, forcing Curtis to face toward his own rear. Curtis sent one division under Eugene Asa Carr northeast and two more divisions under Peter Joseph Osterhaus and Jefferson C. Davis to the northwest. On the first day, Price's attack drove Carr's troops back in bitter fighting near Elkhorn Tavern. The second attack failed when McCulloch and his second-in-command were killed and his third-in-command was captured. On the second day, preceded by a devastating artillery bombardment directed by Franz Sigel, Curtis' army advanced and drove Van Dorn's army from the field. The battle secured Missouri for the Union, though the state afterward suffered from Confederate guerilla warfare and raiding columns.[1]

The following Confederate Army units and commanders fought in the battle. The Pea Ridge Union order of battle is shown separately.[2]

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]

  • w = wounded
  • mw = mortally wounded
  • k = killed
  • c = captured
  • - = not reported, unknown

Army of the West[edit]

Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn

Right Wing[edit]

Right Wing of the Army of the West[3]
Division Brigade Unit Commander Killed Wounded Missing Casualties
McCulloch's Division
BG Benjamin McCulloch (k)
McCullochBenjamin.jpg

BG James M. McIntosh (k)
Col Elkanah Greer
BG Albert Pike
Hébert's Infantry Brigade
Col Louis Hébert (c)
Louis Hebert.jpg

Col Evander McNair
(5,700 infantry)[4]
3rd Louisiana Infantry Maj Will F. Tunnard (c)
Cpt W.L. Gunnells
10 15 42 67
4th Arkansas Infantry Regiment Col Evander McNair
Ltc Samuel Ogden
16 38 0 54
14th Arkansas Infantry Regiment (Powers') Col William C. Mitchell (c) - - - -
15th Arkansas Infantry Regiment (Northwest) Col Dandridge McRae - - - -
16th Arkansas Infantry Regiment Col John F. Hill - - - -
17th (Griffith's) Arkansas Infantry Regiment Col Frank A. Rector - - - -
1st Arkansas Mounted Rifles (dismounted) Col Thomas J. Churchill 5 0 0 5
2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles (dismounted) Col Benjamin T. Embry 4 15 8 27
4th Texas Cavalry Battalion (dismounted) Maj John W. Whitfield - - - -
McIntosh's Cavalry Brigade
BG James M. McIntosh (k)
James McIntosh.jpg

Col Elkanah Greer
(3,000 cavalry)[4]
3rd Texas Cavalry Regiment Col Elkanah Greer
Ltc Walter P. Lane
2 12 0 14
6th Texas Cavalry Regiment Col B. Warren Stone 3 3 13 19
9th Texas Cavalry Regiment Col William B. Sims (w)
Ltc William Quayle
- - - -
11th Texas Cavalry Regiment Col William C. Young - - - -
1st Arkansas Cavalry Battalion (Stirman's) Maj William H. Brooks 11 30 0 41
1st Texas Cavalry Battalion Maj R. Phillip Crump - - - -
Artillery (18 guns) Hart's Arkansas Battery
4 6-pounder guns
Cpt William Hart - - - -
Provence's Arkansas Battery
2 6-pounder guns & 2 12-pounder howitzers
Cpt David Provence - - - -
Gaines's Arkansas Battery
2 12-pounder rifled guns & 2 12-pounder howitzers
Cpt James J. Gaines - - - -
Good's Texas Battery
4 12-pounder field guns & 2 12-pounder howitzers
Cpt John Jay Good 1 14 2 17
Pike's Brigade Pike's Indian Brigade
BG Albert Pike
(2,500 cavalry)[5]
Albert Pike - Brady-Handy.jpg
1st Cherokee Mounted Rifles Col John Drew - - - -
2nd Cherokee Mounted Rifles Col Stand Watie - - - -
1st Choctaw and Chickasaw (not engaged) Col Douglas H. Cooper - - - -
1st Creek Mounted Rifles (not engaged) Col Daniel N. McIntosh - - - -
Welch's Texas Cavalry Squadron Cpt Otis G. Welch - - - -
Unassigned Units Not Brigaded 19th Arkansas Infantry Regiment (Dawson's)
(not engaged)[6]
Ltc P. R. Smith - - - -
20th Arkansas Infantry Regiment (not engaged)[6] Col. George W. King - - - -

Left Wing (Missouri State Guard)[edit]

MG Sterling Price (w)
At the beginning of 1862, Price commanded about 8,000 soldiers. About half of these soldiers were organized as the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Missouri Brigades while the rest remained in seven Missouri State Guard "Divisions" that were hardly larger than regiments.[4]

Left Wing of the Army of the West[7]
Division Brigade Unit Commander Killed Wounded Missing Casualties
First (Price's) Division
MG Sterling Price (w)
Sterling Price.jpg
Headquarters Cearnal's Missouri Cavalry Battalion Ltc James T. Cearnal (w)
Maj D. Todd Samuels
2 6 12 20
First Missouri Brigade
Col Lewis Henry Little
Lewis Henry Little.jpg
2nd Missouri Infantry Col John Q. Burbridge - - - -
3rd Missouri Infantry Col Benjamin A. Rives (k)
Ltc James A. Pritchard
26 45 33 104
1st Missouri Cavalry Regiment Col Elijah Gates - - - -
Wade's Missouri Artillery Battery
2 6-pounder guns & 4 12-pound howitzers
Cpt William Wade - - - -
Clark's Missouri Artillery Battery
4 6-pounder guns
Cpt S. Churchill Clark (k)
Lt James L. Farris
- - - -
Second Missouri Brigade
Col William Y. Slack (mw)
William Slack.jpg

Col Thomas H. Rosser
Hughes's Missouri Infantry Battalion Col John T. Hughes 1 3 4 8
Bevier's Missouri Infantry Battalion Maj Robert S. Bevier 3 8 4 15
Rosser's Missouri Infantry Battalion Col Thomas H. Rosser - - - -
Riggins's Missouri Cavalry Battalion Col George W. Riggins - - - -
Landis's Missouri Artillery Battery
2 12-pounder howitzers & 2 24-pounder howitzers
Cpt John C. Landis - - - -
Jackson's Missouri Artillery Battery
4 6-pounder guns
Cpt William Lucas - - - -
Third Missouri Brigade
Col Colton Greene
Colton Greene.jpg
Brigade was composed of parts of Col Thomas Freeman's Regiment, Ltc John A. Schnable's Regiment, Cpt L.C. Campbell's cavalry company and partially organized Missouri State Guard units transferring into Confederate service. Col Thomas Freeman et al 6 59 0 65
Missouri State Guard Second Division
BG Martin E. Green
Guarding army's trains[6]
Brigadier general Martin E. Green.jpg
Unidentified infantry and cavalry units BG Martin E. Green - - - -
Kneisley's Missouri Battery
5 6-pounder and 12-pounder guns
Cpt James W. Kneisley - - - -
Third Division
Col John Bullock Clark Jr.
Carte-de-Visite of John Bullock Clark, Jr (cropped).jpg
1st Infantry Maj John F. Rucker 1 5 5 11
2nd Infantry Col Congreve Jackson 5 17 15 47[note 1]
3rd Infantry Maj Robert R. Hutchinson 1 20 6 27
4th and 5th Infantry Col J.A. Poindexter 3 37 7 47
6th Infantry Ltc Quinton Peacher 2 23 8 33
Tull's Missouri Battery
2 6-pounder rifled guns & 2 6-pounder guns
Cpt Francis M. Tull - - - -
Fifth Division
Col James P. Saunders
Unidentified infantry and cavalry units Col James P. Saunders 9 32 0 41
Kelley's Battery
5 6-pounder and 12-pounder guns
Cpt Joseph Kelly - - - -
Sixth Division
Maj D. Herndon Lindsay
Unidentified infantry and cavalry units Maj D. Herndon Lindsay 13 34 0 47
Gorham's Battery
4 6-pounder guns
Cpt James C. Gorham - - - -
Seventh and Ninth Divisions
BG Daniel M. Frost
DMFrost.jpg
7th: Unidentified infantry and cavalry units BG Daniel M. Frost - - - -
Guibor's Missouri Battery
2 6-pounder guns & 2 12-pounder howitzers
Cpt Henry Guibor - - - -
9th: Unidentified infantry and cavalry units BG James H. McBride - - - -
MacDonald's St. Louis Battery
1 6-pounder gun & 2 12-pounder howitzers
Cpt Emmett MacDonald - - - -
Eighth Division
BG James S. Rains
1st Infantry Col William H. Erwin 2 26 0 28[8]
2nd Infantry Ltc John P. Bowman - - - -
3rd Infantry Ltc A. J. Pearcy - - - -
4th Infantry Ltc John M. Stemmons - - - -
Shelby's Cavalry Company Cpt Jo Shelby - - - -
Bledsoe's Missouri Battery
3 12-pounder Napoleons & 1 12-pounder gun
Lt Charles W. Higgins - - - -

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ This should sum to 37. It appears to be a typo in the source.
Citations
  1. ^ Foote 1986, pp. 282–293.
  2. ^ Shea & Hess 1992, pp. 331–334.
  3. ^ Shea & Hess 1992, pp. 334–336.
  4. ^ a b c Shea & Hess 1992, p. 23.
  5. ^ Shea & Hess 1992, p. 25.
  6. ^ a b c Shea & Hess 1992, p. 148.
  7. ^ Shea & Hess 1992, pp. 336–339.
  8. ^ Johnson & Buel 1986, p. 337. Reported losses are for the entire 8th Division.

References[edit]

  • Foote, Shelby (1986). The Civil War A Narrative: Fort Sumter to Perryville. 1. New York, N.Y.: Random House. ISBN 0-394-74913-8.
  • Johnson, Robert Underwood; Buel, Clarence Clough (1986). Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. 1. Secaucus, N.J.: Castle. ISBN 0-89009-569-8.
  • Shea, William L.; Hess, Earl J. (1992). Pea Ridge: Civil War Campaign in the West. Chapel Hill, N.C.: The University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0-8078-2042-3.

External links[edit]