Pedro Hurtado de Mendoza

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Pedro Hurtado de Mendoza (1578–1641) was a Basque philosopher and theologian. He worked mostly with peripatetic philosophy, with 17 years at Jesus's Company the School of Salamanca. He was a teacher of theology and philosophy in Valladolid and he occupied a chair at the University of Salamanca.

Hurtado belonged to the third generation of Jesuit scholars and initiated the shift from more realist positions of Francisco Suárez and Gabriel Vásquez towards nominalism, characteristic of that generation. His nominalist theology was further developed by his pupil Rodrigo Arriaga and Francisco Oviedo. He is probably the first to use the literary form of a philosophical or theological "Cursus" (though not yet so named), which became typical for the baroque academic philosophy throughout the 17th century and beyond.


  • Disputationes a Summulis ad Metaphysicam (Valladolid 1615) reprinted as: Disputationes ad universam philosophiam (Lyon 1617) and as: Universa philosophia (Lyon 1624).
  • Disputationes scholasticae et morales de tribus virtutibus theologicis. De fide volumen secundum, Salamanca, 1631.
  • Disputationes scholasticae et morales de spe et charitate, volumen secundum, Salamanca, 1631.
  • Disputationes de Deo homine, sive de Incarnatione Filii Dei, Antwerpen, 1634.


  • Caruso, Ester, Pedro Hurtado de Mendoza e la rinascita del nominalismo nella Scolastica del Seicento, Firenze: La Nuova Italia, 1979
  • Novotný, Daniel D. “The Historical Non-Significance of Suárez’s Theory of Beings of Reason: A Lesson From Hurtado”. In Suárez's Metaphysics in its Systematic and Historical Context, ed Lukáš Novák, Berlin: De Gruyter, 2014, 183-207.
  • Schmutz, Jacob, «Hurtado et son double. La querelle des images mentales dans la scolastique moderne», dans: Couloubaritsis, Lambros; Mazzù, Antonino (éds), Questions sur l'intentionnalité, Bruxelles: Ousia, 2007, 157-232.

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