Peel P50

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Peel P50
1965 Peel P50, The World's Smallest Car (Lane Motor Museum).jpg
Peel P50
Overview
Manufacturer Peel Engineering Company and Peel Engineering Ltd (UK-based)
Production 1962–1965 [1]
2010–present (EV)
2011–present (Petrol)
Assembly Isle of Man 1962-65,
England 2010–present
Designer Cyril Cannell
Body and chassis
Class Microcar
Body style 1-door coupe
Layout Side engine, rear wheel drive [2]
Related Peel Trident
Powertrain
Engine

'63–'64: DKW 49 cc, 4.2 hp, fan-cooled (top speed: 61 km/h (38 mph)

2011 Petrol: 49cc, 2.5 kW (3.35 hp), Four-stroke engine

2011 Electric: 2.3 kW (3.08 hp), Brushless DC electric motor
Transmission

'63–'64: 3-speed manual, no reverse

2010 EV: Single fixed gear

2011 Petrol & Electric: Continuously variable transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 1,270 mm (50.0 in)
Length 134 cm (52.8 in)
Width 99 cm (39.0 in)
Height 100 cm (39.4 in)
Curb weight 56 kg (123 lb)

The Peel P50 is a three-wheeled microcar originally manufactured from 1962 to 1965 by the Peel Engineering Company on the Isle of Man. It was listed in the 2010 Guinness Book of Records as the smallest production car ever made.[3] It had no reverse gear but a handle at the rear allows the very lightweight car to be physically manoeuvred when required.

Designed as a city car, it was advertised in the 1960s as capable of seating "one adult and a shopping bag". The vehicle's only door was on its left side and equipment included a single windscreen wiper and one headlight. Standard colours were Daytona White, Dragon Red, and Dark Blue. The 1963 model retailed for £199 when new (about £1,400 in 2010, or $2,200 USD). The company produced 50 P50s and only 27 are known to still exist, one of which was sold for a record US$176,000 at a Sotheby's auction in March 2016.[4]

In 2010, Peel Engineering Ltd in England started re-manufacturing the P50 and Trident models from its premises in Sutton-in-Ashfield, England.[5] Externally this car is very similar to the original but with mechanical differences in the suspension, steering, and drive-train, as well as a fully functioning reverse gear, ensuring they are road legal on today's roads. Petrol models with a 49cc, four-stroke motor are being produced, as well as electric models with an electric moped motor and gel batteries. The top speed of both cars is about 28 mph and retail prices start at £10,399 + VAT (EU only.)

Statistics[edit]

At 54 in (1,372 mm) long and 39 in (991 mm) wide[6] and with an unladen weight of 59 kilograms (130 lb), the P50 holds the record as the smallest car ever to go into production.[3]

1962–66[edit]

The P50 used a 49 cc (3.0 cu in) DKW engine which gave it a top speed of approximately 60 km/h (37 mph), and was equipped with a three-speed manual transmission that had no reverse gear. Consequently, turning in a confined area could be achieved only by pushing, or lifting the car using the handle on the rear and physically pulling it round. The makers and users claim fuel consumption of 100 mpg-imp (2.8 L/100 km; 83 mpg-US).

In 1963, as a publicity stunt, A Peel P50 was taken to the top of Blackpool Tower in the lift and driven around the observation balcony.[7]

At least one prototype, the Peel P55 Saloon Scooter, has also survived. Unlike the production Peel P50 (along with all developments and replicas thereof), this prototype used the less stable layout of a single wheel at the front and two at the back.

Approximately 47 Peel P50s were sold at £199 each.

On 15 February 2013 at the Bruce Weiner RM Auction a genuine 1964 Peel P50 (Registration number ARX 37B) achieved in excess of US$120,000 (£80,000).

2011[edit]

In 2011 businessmen Gary Hillman and Faizal Khan went to the Dragons' Den asking for £80,000. They got the investment and started a new company which put their revised models into production. Three replica models were available initially: Gas, Eco and Fun. The line was later reduced to two: the Gas and Electric models. These are hand built to order in Sutton-in-Ashfield by Micro Car Specialists for the domestic and export markets.

Legal status[edit]

Peel P50

The Peel P50 was and is still road-legal in the UK and, being in the "three-wheeler" category, less than 8 long cwt (900 lb; 410 kg). The Peel P50 is now also street-legal in the United States. Cars were exported to other countries,[8] sometimes being classified as a moped (e.g. the P50 that went to Finland[9]).

Appearances in the media[edit]

On 28 October 2007, the P50 was featured in a segment of the BBC motoring programme Top Gear on BBC Two, during which presenter, Jeremy Clarkson, entered the car and drove through central London to work. Clarkson, who is 6' 5" tall (1.96 m), demonstrated that it is possible (albeit difficult) for tall people to drive the smallest car in the world, as accredited by Guinness World Records. This episode has over 12 million online views, and is the 3rd most watched episode ever.

The car also featured in a 2009 episode of The Xtra Factor, in which Holly Willoughby drove the car into the X Factor studio.

A P50 again appeared in a Top Gear episode in 2013 when it was contrasted with the 'P45', a smaller, tongue-in-cheek road legal vehicle designed and built for the show by students from Coventry University.[10]

Since 2011, Peel Engineering Ltd has put their cars in many other famous media campaigns, including: Cadburys Bubbly advert, Ford Transit advert, Fab Mini Ice Lolly campaign, Top Gear China, Top Gear Australia, Top Gear USA, ABC/FOX news USA.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BBC Isle of Man - History - The small car with the big reputation". Douglas, Isle of Man: BBC Isle of Man. 20 March 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  2. ^ "The World's Smallest Production Car - The Peel P50". Vince's Worthwhile Website. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  3. ^ a b Craig Glenday (ed.). Guinness World Records 2010 (56 ed.). Guinness World Records Limited. p. 162. ISBN 1904994490. 
  4. ^ http://www.driven.co.nz/reviews/classic-cars/peel-p50-tiny-car-that-sold-for-big-bucks/?ref=nzh_networkfooter
  5. ^ Sutton-in-Ashfield firm wins order for new microcars
  6. ^ Top Gear. "Tiny A-Peel". Series 10 Episode 3. London: BBC Worldwide. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  7. ^ Currie, Bob (23 May 1963). "Fresh air and fun". Motor Cycle. London: Iliffe Specialist Publications Ltd. 110 (3128): 622. 
  8. ^ "PEEL P50". Register of Unusual Microcars. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  9. ^ "Maailman pienin auto - Pirteä Peel P50" (in Finnish). Archived from " the original on 2009-03-30. Retrieved 2013-12-28. 
  10. ^ Cowan, Katy (28 January 2013). "Coventry students design 'world's smallest car' for Top Gear". creativeboom.co.uk. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 

Ripley's Believe it or Not 2009 Edition, Ripley's Books (2009)

External links[edit]