Peltophryne fluviatica

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Peltophryne fluviatica

Critically endangered, possibly extinct (IUCN 3.1)[1]
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Peltophryne
Species: P. fluviatica
Binomial name
Peltophryne fluviatica
(Schwartz, 1972)

Bufo fluviaticus Schwartz, 1972[2]

Peltophryne fluviatica, common names Dominican Caribbean toad or Hispaniolan crestless toad, is a species of toad endemic to the Cibao Valley in the northwestern Dominican Republic.[3] It has only been recorded at two localities.[1]


Males measure 33–44 mm (1.3–1.7 in) in snout–vent length; females are unknown. Snout is acuminate and tympanum is distinct. Dorsum bears numerous scattered small warts; those in the paratoid areas are more prominent. Dorsal ground color is green, from bright to olive. There are often bright yellow—orange spots or blotches and a light tan—yellow middorsal hairline.[4]


Peltophryne fluviatica occurs in xeric habitats with broadleaf gallery forest, usually close to streams. Males call from shallow running water. Eggs are deposited in still water.[1]


Peltophryne fluviatica is listed as a critically endangered species due to a restricted range and continual habitat loss.[1] The species has not been seen since it was described in 1972 and features on the list of "Lost Frogs".[5] It is uncertain whether it still exists in the wild.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e Blair Hedges; Sixto Inchaustegui; Marcelino Hernandez; Robert Powell (2004). "Peltophryne fluviatica". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2004: e.T54639A11179710. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T54639A11179710.en. Retrieved 10 January 2018. 
  2. ^ Schwartz, A. (1972). "The native toads (Anura, Bufonidae) of Hispaniola". Journal of Herpetology. 6: 217–231. doi:10.2307/1562774. JSTOR 1562774. 
  3. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Peltophryne fluviatica (Schwartz, 1972)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  4. ^ Powell, R. & G. K. Pregill (1991). "Peltophryne fluviatica". Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. 507: 1–2. Archived from the original on 2015-04-02. 
  5. ^ "The Search for Lost Frogs". Amphibian Specialist Group (ASG) and Amphibian Survival Alliance (ASA). 2014. Retrieved 17 March 2015.