Peniel Pentecostal Church
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Peniel Pentecostal Church was located in Pilgrims Hatch, Brentwood, Essex, UK. The church was founded by Michael Reid, who served as 'bishop' of the church until stepping down in 2008, following various controversies. The church, now renamed Trinity Church, is currently led by its former assistant pastor.
Peniel Church described itself as an independent Pentecostal Christian church. Over the years, it aligned itself with and subsequently distanced itself from a number of Christian organisations, including the Assemblies of God and the International Communion of Charismatic Churches (ICCC). For a time the church was a member of the Evangelical Alliance (EA), but disputes between the EA and the leadership of the church resulted in the church leaving the EA. Under the new leadership, it has now been welcomed back into the EA.
The church's founder, Michael Reid, is a former Metropolitan police officer and insurance salesman, and was made a bishop by the International Communion of Charismatic Churches in Benin City, Nigeria in 1995. The Rev Peter Linnecar, Reid's senior pastor, and long-time business partner for more than 25 years, took over Mr Reid's responsibilities at the church during 2008. A group of eight lay-people act as the leadership team, while a further group of trustees has legal responsibility for the church's charitable status.
Controversy has surrounded Reid for many years and both he and Peniel Pentecostal Church have been the subject of many critical media articles. In 2001, the church received national publicity when Martin Bell stood for Parliament for Brentwood and Ongar constituency following allegations that the church were attempting to infiltrate the local Conservative Party. The allegations were investigated by Conservative Central Office who reported that they saw no evidence of entryism.
Some former church members have claimed the church is a cult, and relate experiences of poor treatment prior to and on their departure from the organisation. In 2004, all the other churches in the Brentwood and District Evangelical Fellowship (BADEF) resigned in protest against Peniel, leaving it as the only member. The church is no longer a member of the Evangelical Alliance, having left the group following controversial circumstances in 2005.
In February 2008 the Advertising Standards Authority upheld a complaint that a mobile advertisement for Christian Congress of Traditional Values (CCTV), an organisation with ties to Peniel Pentecostal Church, was 'likely to cause serious or widespread offence or condone anti-social behaviour'. The advertisement bore the slogan 'Gay aim: abolish the family', implying that gay people are against the institution of the family and family values. Due to the patriarchal values of the church, women were obliged to dress in clothes that were seen as 'feminine', such as dresses and skirts.
Peniel Church had more lately been publicised as 'Michael Reid Ministries', although the church retained the Peniel name for its college, school and choir. The college was closed in 2009.
The latest scandal surrounds an allegation of rape made by a student that attended the first Bible School. The case is ongoing. 
The church was temporarily thrown into crisis when it came to light that Reid had been having an affair with a member of the choir. On 5 April 2008, Michael Reid tendered his resignation from the church board and stepped down from pastoral duties. The woman was the church's music director, a married mother of two. At an industrial tribunal where Reid was claiming unfair dismissal it emerged that there was a second woman who also claimed to have had a relationship of "many years" with Reid, which involved a "possible abuse of his position. Following these events, CCTV disbanded in August 2008, and Global Gospel Fellowship (GGF) appears to have likewise folded. Reid was arrested on 27 August 2009 on suspicion of historical rape. Further to the exposure of the affair, stories of emotional bullying and manipulation by Reid began to emerge from many members of the congregation.
The church appeared to have weathered the storm caused by Reid's extra-marital affairs, but trouble flared up again in 2009 when head pastor Peter Linnecar's appointment of assistant pastors caused controversy and disagreement amongst a large section of the congregation. Approximately 300 people left the church as a result. The church subsequently stated that it is now thriving under the new leadership.
The church is now called Trinity Church.
- Martin Bell, the white-suited 'ethics man', turns Essex man to contest general election, Dec 9, 2000, The Independent
- "In the name of the Father", Paul Vallely The Independent, 20 February 2001
- "Never send to know for whom the Bell tolls", The Guardian, 23 May 2001
- "Bell prepares to stand against evangelical Conservatives", The Guardian, 8 December 2000
- "The oracle of Essex", The Guardian, 15 November 2000
- "Bell agrees to fight Tory safe seat in Essex", The Guardian, 9 December 2000
- "Sects, power and miracles in the Bible belt of Essex", The Observer, 31 December 2000
- "Church sued over 'undue influence'", The Guardian, 3 February 2001
- "Local MP Pickles has to answer questions says Lib Dem PPC", Brentwood & Ongar Liberal Democrats, 23 November 2004
- The Christian Congress for Traditional Values
- 'Family values' poster banned by ASA | Media | guardian.co.uk
- Resignation announcement on homepage of Michael Reid Ministries
- Sun newspaper article about Reid's adultery
- Brentwood Gazette newspaper article about Reid's adultery
- Metro newspaper article about Reid's arrest
- "BRENTWOOD: Church is thriving as scandal is forgotten | Essex Chronicle". thisistotalessex.co.uk. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- Apologetics Index - Peniel Pentecostal Church
- Rick A. Ross Institute - "Church cult 'taxed members at £2,000 a month'" (originally from The Times, 4 February 2001)