Pentland (crater)

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Pentland
Pentland crater 4094 h2 h3.jpg
Coordinates64°36′S 11°30′E / 64.6°S 11.5°E / -64.6; 11.5Coordinates: 64°36′S 11°30′E / 64.6°S 11.5°E / -64.6; 11.5
Diameter56 km
Depth2.8 km
Colongitude350° at sunrise
EponymJoseph B. Pentland

Pentland is a lunar impact crater that lies in the southern part of the Moon, and appears foreshortened when viewed from the Earth. About one crater diameter to the southwest is the larger crater Curtius, and to the north-northwest lies Zach.

The rim of this crater is somewhat worn, and it has a depression along the southern edge where it is attached to a small crater on the exterior. The inner wall retains some structure in places, and has a shelf along the northeast side. The interior floor is level, with an elongated central rise at the midpoint. Otherwise the floor is nearly featureless, except for a few tiny craterlets.

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Pentland.

Pentland Latitude Longitude Diameter
A 67.4° S 13.5° E 44 km
B 66.2° S 14.1° E 30 km
C 65.0° S 16.3° E 37 km
D 63.2° S 14.1° E 35 km
Da 62.9° S 14.3° E 54 km
E 67.9° S 13.4° E 11 km
F 62.1° S 11.3° E 12 km
J 64.4° S 14.6° E 9 km
K 66.7° S 17.7° E 12 km
L 65.6° S 17.8° E 2 km
M 64.5° S 17.2° E 7 km
N 63.5° S 17.2° E 25 km
O 63.0° S 18.3° E 15 km
P 67.7° S 14.5° E 8 km

References[edit]

  • Andersson, L. E.; Whitaker, E. A. (1982). NASA Catalogue of Lunar Nomenclature. NASA RP-1097.
  • Blue, Jennifer (July 25, 2007). "Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature". USGS. Retrieved 2007-08-05.
  • Bussey, B.; Spudis, P. (2004). The Clementine Atlas of the Moon. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-81528-4.
  • Cocks, Elijah E.; Cocks, Josiah C. (1995). Who's Who on the Moon: A Biographical Dictionary of Lunar Nomenclature. Tudor Publishers. ISBN 978-0-936389-27-1.
  • McDowell, Jonathan (July 15, 2007). "Lunar Nomenclature". Jonathan's Space Report. Retrieved 2007-10-24.
  • Menzel, D. H.; Minnaert, M.; Levin, B.; Dollfus, A.; Bell, B. (1971). "Report on Lunar Nomenclature by the Working Group of Commission 17 of the IAU". Space Science Reviews. 12 (2): 136–186. Bibcode:1971SSRv...12..136M. doi:10.1007/BF00171763.
  • Moore, Patrick (2001). On the Moon. Sterling Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-304-35469-6.
  • Price, Fred W. (1988). The Moon Observer's Handbook. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-33500-3.
  • Rükl, Antonín (1990). Atlas of the Moon. Kalmbach Books. ISBN 978-0-913135-17-4.
  • Webb, Rev. T. W. (1962). Celestial Objects for Common Telescopes (6th revised ed.). Dover. ISBN 978-0-486-20917-3.
  • Whitaker, Ewen A. (1999). Mapping and Naming the Moon. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-62248-6.
  • Wlasuk, Peter T. (2000). Observing the Moon. Springer. ISBN 978-1-85233-193-1.