Leuenbergeria quisqueyana

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Leuenbergeria quisqueyana
Pereskia quisqueyana.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Cactaceae
Genus: Leuenbergeria
L. quisqueyana
Binomial name
Leuenbergeria quisqueyana
(Alain) Lodé
  • Pereskia quisqueyana Alain

Leuenbergeria quisqueyana, formerly Pereskia quisqueyana, commonly known as the Bayahibe rose, is a species of cactus that is endemic to the Dominican Republic.[1] L. quisqueyana is one of only several cactus species which possess leaves. Its natural habitat includes subtropical or tropical dry forests that are found on the Southeast coast of Hispaniola; particularly around the town of Bayahibe, its namesake. It is critically endangered due to habitat loss.

The species was discovered by the French botanist, Henri Alain Liogier, in 1977,[citation needed] the description being published in 1980. He named it quisqueyana, in honor of the Dominican Republic, which is also referred to as Quisqueya. Law 146-11 of the Dominican Republic, established the Bayahibe Rose as the national flower of the country and ensured its protection due to its endangered status.


Leuenbergeria quisqueyana is a dioecious cactus that resembles a shrub and reaches up to 6 metres (20 ft) in height. Its trunk is surrounded by groups of spines which erupt in bunches. Its succulent leaves are elliptical in shape and are a bright green color. The flower of the L. quisqueyana is pink in color and blooms from the ends of its branches. Its fruits are yellow and contain black seeds.


  1. ^ PUCMM. "Pereskia Quisqueyana" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2011-05-26. Retrieved 2010-09-24.