Perissodus microlepis

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Perissodus microlepis
Perissodus microlepis.jpg
Perissodus microlepis juvenile in aquarium.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cichliformes
Family: Cichlidae
Genus: Perissodus
P. microlepis
Binomial name
Perissodus microlepis
Boulenger, 1898
  • Perissodus burgeoni L. R. David, 1936
  • Perissodus gracilis G. S. Myers, 1936

Perissodus microlepis is a species of cichlid endemic to Lake Tanganyika. This species reaches a length of 11 centimetres (4.3 in) TL. This species can also be found in the aquarium trade.[2] It is a scale-eating 'parasite' on other fish species. It occurs in two distinct morphological forms. One morph has mouth parts twisted to the left, enabling it to eat scales off its victim's right flank. In contrast, the other morph, whose mouth is twisted to the right, eats scales off its victim's left flank. The relative abundance of the two morphs in populations is regulated by frequency-dependent selection.[3][4][5][6]


  1. ^ Bigirimana, C. (2006). "Perissodus microlepis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2006: e.T60649A12391511. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2006.RLTS.T60649A12391511.en.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Perissodus microlepis" in FishBase. April 2013 version.
  3. ^ Hori, M. 1993. Frequency-dependent natural selection in the handedness of scale-eating cichlid fish. Science 260: 216–219.
  4. ^ Stewart, T. A. and Albertson, R. C. (2010) "Evolution of a unique predatory feeding apparatus: functional anatomy, development and a genetic locus for jaw laterality in Lake Tanganyika scale-eating cichlids" BMC Biology, 8 (1): 8. doi:10.1186/1741-7007-8-8
  5. ^ a b Lee, Hyuk Je; Kusche, Henrik; Meyer, Axel (2012) Handed foraging behavior in scale-eating cichlid fish : Its potential role in shaping morphological asymmetry. PLoS ONE 7: e44670. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0044670
  6. ^ a b Takeuchi Y, Hori M, Oda Y. (2012) Lateralized kinematics of predation behavior in a Lake Tanganyika scale-eating cichlid fish. PLoS ONE 7: e29272. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0029272