Permanent Peoples' Tribunal
The Permanent Peoples' Tribunal was founded in Bologna (Italy) in June 24, 1979, by law experts, writers and other intellectuals. Its work is independent of state authorities, and it examines and provides judgements relative to violations of human rights and rights of peoples. It succeeded the Russell Tribunal (or International War Crimes Tribunal), which, in 1967, exposed the war crimes committed against the Vietnamese people.
The tribunal was created out of the Lelio Basso International Foundation for the Rights and Liberation of Peoples (FILB), established in 1976 and inspired by the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Peoples at Algiers (also named the Algiers Declaration). The Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal may use International human rights law or the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples adopted by the United Nations 
It examined the cases of Tibet, Western Sahara, Argentina, Eritrea, Philippine, El Salvador, Afghanistan, East Timor, Zaïre, Guatemala, the Armenian Genocide or recently the Tamil Genocide in Sri Lanka "Peoples' Tribunal On Sri Lanka", the intervention of the United States in Nicaragua, Brazilian Amazon, etc. In certain cases (Central America, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Bhopal disaster), commissions of investigation went on the spot.
- "Introduction - Fondazione Basso – Sezione Internazionale". Internazionaleleliobasso.it. Retrieved November 2012.
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- "Charter on Industrial Hazards and Human Rights"