- P. p. persicus – (Hume, 1872): breeds in the Khuriya Muriya Islands, (Oman) & Socotra.
- P. p. temptator – (Louette & Herremans, 1985): breeds in the Comoros.
After breeding, the northern subspecies ranges from the southern Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden and the Somali coast across the south of the Arabian Peninsula to the Gulf of Oman, Pakistan and western India. The southern subspecies stays in the area around the Comoros and the Tanzanian and northern Mozambican coast.
The nominate subspecies is thought to number in the thousands of pairs on the Khuriya Muriya Islands off Oman and Socotra, Yemen, while P. p. temptator has been estimated to number fewer than 500 pairs on Moheli Island in the Comoros (reviewed by Brooke 2004). It is thought likely that more breeding colonies lie undiscovered elsewhere in the northern Indian Ocean (Onley and Scofield 2007), thus the total population probably includes more than 10,000 mature individuals. The population trend is believed to be downwards.
- Birdlife International (2014). "Puffinus persicus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- "Loons, penguins, petrels". International Ornithological Congress. Retrieved 2015-01-15.
- "Puffinus persicus range map". International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2015-01-15.
- "Puffinus persicus". International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2015-01-15.