Peter Mokaba, OLG (born 7 January 1959 near Pietersburg, died in Johannesburg on 9 June 2002) was a member of the South African parliament, deputy minister in the government of Nelson Mandela and president of the South African governing party's youth wing, the ANC Youth League. The Polokwane stadium for the 2010 FIFA World Cup was named after him.
Mokaba became known in the 1990s for his use of the slogan "Kill the farmer, kill the Boer". The chant was was ruled as hate speech by the South African Human Rights Commission in 2003. Opponents of the song argue that it bears a literal interpretation, inciting racial violence against whites; defenders claim that its value is purely as a reminder of South Africa's history and that it does not incite violence. 
According to "Askari", by Jacob Dlamini, Mokaba was an apartheid spy at one point. He was turned from insurgent to counter-insurgent by the apartheid government. Seeing that the Youth League, greatly influenced by Mokaba, would be greatly demoralised, the Lusaka ANC leadership decided to spare his life. According to the book, the that was only after serious deals were reached with him that are known only to the current ANC leadership.
Mokaba had HIV but refused treatment because he viewed pharmaceutical drugs as poisonous; he died in 2002 of pneumonia. He claimed that drugs had no benefits "beyond profits for the pharmaceutical industry". The fight against the companies, he said, should be waged with the same intensity as the struggle against apartheid. Privately, he assured supporters that HIV and AIDS were part of an "international Western plot" to decimate blacks and "regain colonial control" in Africa. 
He was a friend of Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, the former wife of Mandela. At the time of his death, he had been appointed to head the ANC electoral campaign in 2004, and his funeral was attended by former Presidents Thabo Mbeki and Mandela s well as current South African President Jacob Zuma.
- Hambe Kahle Peter Mokaba, Mail& Guardian, 2002
- MNR. PETER MOKABA, ANC-LP, destyds leier, Die Burger, 2002 (in Afrikaans)
- Peter Mokaba biography on the website of the ANC
- Auto-biography of Mokaba on the ANC website
- Aids dissident Peter Mokaba dies
- Obituary of Peter Mokaba in The Independent
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