Peter Howard Selz
March 27, 1919
|Died||June 21, 2019 (aged 100)|
Albany, California, U.S.
|Alma mater||University of Chicago|
Peter Howard Selz (March 27, 1919 – June 21, 2019) was a German-born American art historian and museum director and curator who specialized in German Expressionism.
Peter Selz was born in Munich of Jewish parents. In 1936, aged 17, he fled Nazi Germany because his parents wanted to send him to study in the United States. His family managed to escape Germany just before the Crystal Night, with the help of some nuns, whom his optometrist father had treated for free. He spent one year at Columbia University and discovered that he was distantly related to Alfred Stieglitz, who became his mentor. After serving in World War II he received an A.M. from the University of Chicago on the GI Bill in 1949. He received several Fulbright scholarships in the following years to study at the University of Paris and École du Louvre as well as the Musées Royaux d'Art et d'Histoire; at the same time, Selz was teaching at the University of Chicago and also chaired the education department at the Institute of Design at the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago. In 1955 he moved to Pomona College to chair the art department and serve as director of the school's art gallery.
In 1958, Selz became the curator of department of painting and sculpture exhibitions at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. His first exhibition at the Modern was the influential "New Images of Man" in 1959, which included paintings by Karel Appel, Francis Bacon, Richard Diebenkorn, Jean Dubuffet, Leon Golub, Balcomb Greene, Willem de Kooning, Rico Lebrun, James McGarrell, Jan Muller, Nathan Oliveira, and Jackson Pollock and sculpture by Dubuffet, Kenneth Armitage, Leonard Baskin, Reg Butler, Cosmo Campoli, César, Eduardo Paolozzi, Germaine Richier, Theodore Roszak, H.C. Westermann, and Fritz Wotruba. Subsequent major exhibitions curated by Selz included Jean Tinguely's kinetic, self-destroying sculpture "Homage to New York"; the first Rodin retrospective in the United States; and a comprehensive 1965 exhibition of work by Alberto Giacometti.
Selz served as Professor of Art History at the University of California, Berkeley from 1965 to 1988; at the same time, he served as the founding director of the Berkeley Art Museum from 1965 to 1973. Selz brought an unorthodox and irreverent approach to his selection of artists. His daughter Gabrielle says in a 2014 interview that while he "came out to Berkeley just as Pop and Conceptual Art were ascending on the East Coast," Selz turned away from these popular movements and instead "identified with the irreverence of styles like Funk art," seeking to highlight the work of "ceramic artists like Peter Voulkos [who] were barely considered fine artists then" or Nathan Oliveira, "a figurative artist who did not follow the prevailing east coast trends."
- German Expressionist Painting. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1957
- Emil Nolde. New York: Museum of Modern Art/Doubleday, 1963
- Alberto Giacometti. New York: Museum of Modern Art, New York/Art Institute of Chicago/Doubleday, 1965
- Directions in Kinetic Sculpture. Berkeley: University Art Museum [and] the Committee for Arts and Lectures, University of California, 1966 (with George Rickey)
- Theories of Modern Art: a Source Book by Artists and Critics. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1968 ( with Hershel B. Chipp and Joshua Taylor)
- Ferdinand Hodler. Berkeley: University Art Museum, 1972 (with Jura Brüschweiler, Phyllis Hattis, and Eva Wyler)
- Art in a Turbulent Era. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Press, 1985
- Art in Our Times: A Pictorial History. New York: Abrams, 1981
- Beyond the Mainstream: Essays on Modern and Contemporary Art. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
- "Peter Selz". Dictionary of Art Historians.
- "The Museum of Modern Art Press Release No. 81" (PDF).
- Dinkelspiel, Frances. "Gabrielle Selz's 'Unstill Life' provides peek into the modern art world with its glamour, ambition, heartbreak". Berkeleyside.
- "Peter Selz Professor Emeritus". UC Berkeley Dept of Art History.
- June 21, Charles Desmarais; June 21, 2019 Updated:; 2019; Pm, 3:50. "Peter Selz, founding director of Berkeley's Art Museum, dies at 100". Datebook | San Francisco Arts & Entertainment Guide. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
- Oral history interview with Peter Howard Selz. Interview with Selz conducted November 3, 1999 by Paul J. Karlstrom for the Archives of American Art.