Petit chien à bélière
|Petit chien à bélière|
|Year||3300 BCE - 3100 BCE|
|Subject||Dog with ring|
|Dimensions||1.4 cm × 1.5 cm (0.046 ft × 0.049 ft)|
|Location||The Louvre (Richelieu wing, Ground floor), room 7, inventory number Sb 5692, Paris, France|
The Petit chien à bélière - small binded dog - or Pendeloque au chien de Suse - dog pendant of Susa - is a pendant in the form of a dog. The pendant was discovered in the ruins of the village of Uruk and dates to around 3300 BCE - 3100 BCE. The term bélière is a reference to the ring bound to the dog.
The pendant is a small object - only 1.5 cm long. It is one of the first examples of metalsmithing at the end of the 4th millennium BCE. It represents a synthesis of all the metallurgical techniques known in the region of Susa during the era of Uruk. It provides interesting information about one of the two known dog breeds in the Susan plain.
In this era, metallurgical techniques used a process where ore was melted to extract the metal and the metal was then poured into molds often at temperatures greater than 800 °C.
The connection of the ring with the main body cannot be made with a simple binding, for there is a risk of melting the main body. In what is one of the first examples of the use of brazing in history, a mixture of copper and gold is used without the need for an elevated temperature.
There are other sculptures of this type:
- Alain-René Duval; Christiane Eluère; Loïc Hurtel; Françoise Tallon (1987). "La Pendeloque au chien de Suse. Étude en laboratoire d'une brasure antique". Revue du Louvre (3): 176–179..
- Agnès Benoit. "Pendeloque en forme de chien". www.louvre.fr. Retrieved 2018-11-16..