Petre Ispirescu (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈpetre ispiˈresku]; January 1830 – 21 November 1887) was a Romanian editor, folklorist, printer and publicist. He is best known for his work as a gatherer of Romanian folk tales, recounting them with a remarkable talent.
Petre Ispirescu was born in Bucharest, the son of Gheorghe Ispirescu, a barber, and Elena Ispirescu, a remarkable story teller. He grew up listening to countless folk tales told by his parents and his father's customers and apprentices. His parents wanted him to be a priest and he was entrusted to study with a monk at the Metropolitan Church, after which he studied with a priest at the Domnita Bălaşa Church.
He quit in 1844 at age fourteen and became an apprentice at the printing house headed by Zaharia Carcalechi, hoping to further his education by reading the books printed there. Working 14 hours a day, he became a qualified printer in 1848. In 1854, he was hired at the Copainie typography. In 1858, within the context of talks about the unification of Romanian Principates, the printing house accepted to publish the secret correspondence of Prince Nicolae Vogoride without the accord of the censorship. The police arrested all those involved and Petre Ispirescu was jailed for a month, losing his job. By the end of the year, Vasile Boerescu - a supporter of the union of Romanian Principalities and future Foreign Minister - offered him the manager position of a modern typography that owned the first mechanical printing press in Bucharest and published the Nationalul newspaper. His position introduced him to contemporary politicians and writers like Ion Ionescu de la Brad, Nicolae Filimon, Ion Ghica, and Dimitrie Bolintineanu. In 1863, Vasile Boerescu sold the typography and Petre Ispirescu became the manager of the typography publishing the Liberal Party newspaper Romanul. At the time, the Liberal Party was the main opposition party. The newspaper was suppressed in 1864. Ispirescu, together with Walter Scarlat and Frederick Gobl, then founded the United Workers Typography. A year later, Ispirescu publishes the Romanian Typographer pamphlet. The abdication of the first ruler of United Romanian Principalities Alexandru Ioan Cuza in 1866 is recorded with sadness there. After becoming the sole associate of the printing house, he renamed it Romanian Academy Publishing House in 1878.
Invited by the Interior Minister Ion Ghica, Petre Ispirescu became the head of the State Printing House in 1866. He resigned two years later.
Ispirescu left Bucharest for the first time in his life in 1880 for a short trip to Rosiorii de Vede, a small town 74.5 miles away. In 1883 he has a first stroke and suffered a second stroke while sitting at his desk and died on November 21, 1887. He is buried at Bellu Cemetery in Bucharest along many other famous Romanians.
Petre Ispirescu began to publish Romanian folk stories in 1862, at the incentive of N. Filimon. His first collection of six folk tales appears in Taranul Roman and later as a booklet. Subsequently these tales were added to his renowned collection Romanian Fairy Tales, today a bibliographic rarity. He resumes his publishing work in 1872 with the collection Romanian Folk Tales. Riddles and Proverbs with a preface by B.P. Hasdeu, followed by Folk Anecdotes and Folk Tales in 1874 and The Life and Feats of Mihai Viteazu in 1876. He is praised for the deep and invaluable knowledge of the Romanian folk works. In 1879 he publishes Tales of the Wise Old Man - a retelling in an accessible language for children of universal myths and fragments of Greek mythology - with a preface by Alexandru Odobescu.
His major work Romanian Fairy Tales was published in 1882 with a preface by Vasile Alecsandri.
Ispirescu is especially known for his collections of Romanian folk tales.
- Colectie de sase basme in Taranul Roman (1862, a collection of six folk tales published in Taranul Roman)
- Legendele si basmele romanilor. Ghicitori si Proverburi (1872, "Romanian Legends and Folk Tales. Riddles and Proverbs")
- Snoave şi Poveşti populare (1874, "Folk Anecdotes and Folk Tales")
- Isprăvile şi viaţa lui Mihai Viteazu (1876, "The Life and Feats of Mihai Viteazu")
- Poveştele unchiaşului sfătos (1879, "Tales of the Wise Old Man")
- Pilde şi ghicitori (1880, "Parables and riddles")
- Legendele sau basmele Romanilor (1882, "Romanian Fairy Tales")
- Basme, snoave şi glume (1883, "Tales, Anecdotes, and Jests")
- Jucării şi jocuri de copil (1885, "Children's Toys and Games")
- Poveşti morale. Despre pomul Crăciunului (1886, "Moral Stories. About the Christmas Tree")
|Romanian Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Petre Ispirescu.|
- Dimitrie R Rosetti (1897) Dicţionarul contimporanilor, Editura Lito-Tipografiei "Populara"
- Works by or about Petre Ispirescu at Internet Archive
- Works by Petre Ispirescu at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)