Petrus Peckius the Elder
16 July 1529
|Died||16 July 1589
|Resting place||Church of St Michael, Leuven|
|Children||Petrus Peckius the Younger|
|Alma mater||University of Leuven|
Petrus Peckius the Elder (born Pieter Peck, Zierikzee, 16 July 1529; died Mechelen, 16 July 1589), also known as Pierre Peckius, was an eminent Netherlandish jurist, one of the first to write about international maritime law, and the father of Petrus Peckius the Younger.
He was an orthodox Catholic and remained loyal to the Crown during the Eighty Years' War. In 1582 he was appointed a justice in the Great Council, the supreme law court of the Seventeen Provinces, which normally sat in Mechelen but due to the Dutch Revolt was then meeting in the city of Namur.
Peck studied Civil and Canon law at the University of Leuven with Gabriel Mudaeus. He received his doctorate on 27 August 1553. As usual in this era for academic scholars he Latinized his name to Peckius.
He was appointed to the new chair in introductory law (Paratitles) that Philip II of Spain endowed at the university in 1555. Was made ordinarius in Roman Law at the university in 1562. In the same year he succeeded Jean Vendeville, who had left for the University of Douai, as professor of Canon law.
- De continentia clericorum sive de concubinatu tollendo (Leuven, 1544)
- Paraphrasis in universam legatorum materiam (Leuven, 1553)
- De testamentis Conjugum libr. V (Leuven, 1564), reprinted in Cologne and elsewhere
- De ecclesiis catholicis aedificandis et reparandis (Leuven, 1573; Cologne, 1608; etc.)
- Commentarium ad regulas Juris canonici libri VI decretalium (Leuven, 1564; Douai, 1574; Helmstedt, 1588; etc.)
- De amortizatione bonorum a principe impetranda (Cologne, 1582, etc.)
- Commentaria in omnes pene Juris Civilis titulos ad rem nauticam pertinentes (Leuven, 1556; Lyon, 1647; Amsterdam, 1668)
In 1647 an edition of his collected works was produced by Hieronymus Verdussen in Antwerp, under the title Cl. Viri Petri Peckii Ziricaei olim acad. Lov. Jur. Professoris in magno senatu Belgico consiliarii opera omnia. It was reprinted in 1666 and 1679.
- David M. Walker (ed.), The Oxford Companion to Law (Clarendon Press, 1980), p. 940.
- BRANTS (V.). “Pierre Peckius”. In: “Biographie Nationale”, XVI, pp. 784–792.
- JACOBS, Joannes. (1775) "Petrus Peck" in:Wekelijks nieuws uit Loven, mede beschrijvinge diër stad, vol. 6, pp. 161–163