Petty France, London
In the 18th century Petty France was described by John Stow as "a considerable street between Tathill Street, E., and James Street, W". The name is generally thought to refer to the settlement of Huguenot refugees in the area.
The name is also used to refer to the area in the vicinity of the street, the 7th Ward of Westminster. There are similar street names elsewhere in London: e.g. a short street in Billingsgate in the City of London called Petty Wales.
In the second half of the 18th century "the name was changed to York Street from Frederick, Duke of York, son of George II., who had made a temporary residence amongst them".[a] A name it retained up until around 1925, when its previous name was restored.[b]
The street was the original location in 1720 of the Westminster Public Infirmary. It was the first street in London to be paved for pedestrians, and it was the location of the first custom built artificial ice-rink in London, called Niagara, it opened in the late 1800s. The street was also the home for 50 years until 2002 of the London passport office at Clive House; it is now located at Globe House in Eccleston Square, Victoria.
- John Cleland (1709–1789), journalist and the author of Fanny Hill lived and died in a house on Petty France.
- Stephen 1894, p. 32.
- Grayling 2013, "19 York Street".
- Maskell 1849, p. 254 cites Stow (1708). New View of London. 1. p. 63.
- Maskell 1849, p. 254.
- Maskell 1849, p. 254 cites Walcott. Memorials of Westminster. p. 289., but points out the Walcott meant Edward Augustus, Duke of York (1739–1767) — as Gorge II's son Frederick was Prince of Wales.
- Russan & Russan 1923, p. 230.
- SFP staff 1927, p. 6.
- Taylor 2002.
- Wheatley & Cunningham 2011, p. 79.
- Grayling, A.C. (2013). "19 York Street". The Quarrel Of The Age: The Life And Times Of William Hazlitt.
- Maskell, J. (1849). White, William, ed. "Note". Notes and queries. London: 254.
- Russan, Lilian; Russan, Ashmore (1923). Historic streets of London : an alphabetical handbook. London: Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent. p. 230.
- Schürer, Norbert, ed. (2012). Charlotte Lennox: Correspondence and Miscellaneous Documents (annotated ed.). Bucknell University Press. p. 205. ISBN 9781611483918.
- SFP staff (16 March 1927). "Ice carnivals of long ago". The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1884-1942). p. 6.
- Stephen, Leslie (1894). "Milton, John (1608-1674)". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 38. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 32.
- Taylor, David (9 January 2002). "New passport office opens". London Evening Standard.
- Wheatley, Henry Benjamin; Cunningham, Peter (2011) . London Past and Present: Its History, Associations, and Traditions. 3. Cambridge University Press. p. 79. ISBN 9781108028080.
- Hills, John (19 October 2014). "Adam & Eve, 82 York Street, St Margaret, Westminster". UK pub history and historical Street directory.
- Walford, Edward (1878). "Westminster: Tothill Fields and neighbourhood". Old and New London. 4. London: Cassell, Petter & Galpin. pp. 14–26.