Georgia Yellow Hammers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Phil Reeve)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Georgia Yellow Hammers were an old-time string and vocal quartet from Gordon County, Georgia from the 1920s. The group featured Charles Moody, Jr. on guitar; Bud Landress on banjo; Phil Reeve on guitar; and Bill Chitwood on fiddle.[1] All members may have been multi-instrumentalusts. Tony Russell's notes accompanying the 2004 compilation CD "Old Mountain" identify the personnel on "The Picture on the Wall" (Victor 20943, 9 Aug.1927) as Landress, fiddle and lead vocal; Reeve, guitar and vocal; C. Ernest Moody, banjo-ukulele and vocal; and Clyde Evans, guitar and vocal. [2]

Collaboration with the Baxters[edit]

The group often played with Andrew and Jim Baxter from Curryville, GA (also in Gordon County). Curryville was also home to music legend Roland Hayes. Andrew Baxter's unique style of fiddle is heard an early recording of a band favorite entitled "G-Rag". The Baxters were African Americans, which was an unusual collaboration for the time period. The band released one of the top selling records of 1920s southern music with 1927's release "The Picture on the Wall"/"My Carolina Girl".[1] The 1927 recording session with the Baxter's took place in Charlotte, NC, and was a rare integrated session, uncommon even through the mid to late 20th century.[3] Andrew and Jim Baxter were a well known duo for the time in their own right around Northwest Georgia.


The band is nationally recognized as an important 1920s "old-time" band. Their songs can still be heard from early recordings on such sites as and others. The song "Drifting Too Far From The Shore" written by member Charles Moody has been covered by such artists as Jerry Garcia,[4] Emmylou Harris, Phil Lesh & Friends, Hank Williams, and many others, as well as being a standard in many gospel hymnals. The Calhoun High School football stadium in Calhoun, Georgia is also named after the guitar player and founding member Phil Reeve.

Georgia Yellow Hammers recorded songs including:

Mary, Don't You Weep[5]

I'm S-A-V-E-D[6]

Pass around the Bottle[7]

Fourth of July at a County Fair (1927)[8]

Going to Ride That Midnight Train[9]

Tennessee Coon (1927)[10]

My Carolina Girl (1927)[11]

G Rag with Andrew Baxter (1927 Aug. 9)[12]

Peaches down in Georgia[13]

Picture on the Wall (1928)[13]

Further reading[edit]

  • Wayne W. Daniel, Pickin' on Peachtree: A History of Country Music in Atlanta, Georgia (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1990), 76-77.
  • The Encyclopedia of Country Music, ed. Paul Kingsbury (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998), s.v. "Georgia Yellow Hammers."
  • Gene Wiggins and Tony Russell, "Hell Broke Loose in Gordon County, Georgia," Old Time Music 25 (summer 1977): 9-21.
  • Charles K. Wolfe, "The Georgia Yellow Hammers," in Classic Country: Legends of Country Music (New York: Routledge, 2001).
  • Tony Russell, Old Time Music Journal


  1. ^ a b "New Georgia Encyclopedia: Georgia Yellow Hammers". 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ Template:Cite: Russell, Tony, notes to Old Mountain Stringband Sounds & Tunes, Living Era, London, 2004
  3. ^ "Blogger: Aanmelden". Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  4. ^ "The Jerry Site". The Jerry Site. Archived from the original on 2012-09-19. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  5. ^ "Georgia Yellow Hammers-Mary, Don't You Weep". YouTube. 2010-06-19. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  6. ^ "The Georgia Yellow Hammers-I'm Saved". YouTube. 2010-02-26. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  7. ^ "The Georgia Yellow Hammers-Pass Around The Bottle". YouTube. 2010-06-22. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  8. ^ "Georgia Yellow Hammers : Fourth Of July At A County Fair ( 1927 )". YouTube. 2008-12-05. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  9. ^ "The Georgia Yellow Hammers-Going To Ride That Midnight Train". YouTube. 2010-07-10. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  10. ^ "Georgia Yellow Hammers, Tennessee Coon. North Carolina 1927". YouTube. 2011-09-09. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  11. ^ "The Georgia Yellow Hammers-My Carolina Girl". YouTube. 2010-08-24. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  12. ^ "Andrew Baxter with the Georgia Yellow Hammers G Rag VICTOR 21195". YouTube. 2011-09-03. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  13. ^ a b "The Georgia Yellow Hammers-The Picture On The Wall". YouTube. 2010-07-27. Retrieved 2013-03-05.