Philbert Maurice d'Ocagne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Maurice d'Ocagne, French mathematician, inventor of Nomography.

Philbert Maurice d'Ocagne (25 March 1862 – 23 September 1938) was a French engineer and mathematician. He founded the field of nomography, the graphic computation of algebraic equations, on charts which he called a nomogram.

Biography[edit]

Philbert-Maurice Ocagne was born in Paris on 25 March 1862. He attended high school at the Lycée Fontanges school in Paris, and studied at Chaptal college. In 1877, he published his first mathematical work. In 1880, he entered the École Polytechnique. He published many articles on math.[1] Starting in 1885, he served for six years as engineer, supporting waterworks projects in Rochefort and Cherbourg, then worked at Seine-et-Oise, at the residence of Pontoise. From 1882, continued to published articles on mathematics in the Academy of Sciences. Several major journals publish his work, including Journal of the École Polytechnique, Bulletin de la Société Mathématique de France, Acta Mathematica, Archiv der Mathematik und Physik, and American Journal of Mathematics. He became a répétiteur at the École Polytechnique in 1893, then in 1894 a professor at the École Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées. In 1891 he began publishing papers on nomography.[1]

In 1901, he was appointed deputy director of general survey of France. Ten years later, he became chief of maps and plans and precision instruments for the Department of Public Works. He was appointed chief engineer in 1908. In 1912 he was appointed professor of geometry at the École Polytechnique, and became Inspector General of roads and bridges in 1920. In 1893, he joined the faculty of the Polytechnic School, first as instructor of astronomy and geodesy. In early 1912, he became chair of geometry. In 1901, he became president of the Mathematical Society of France. In 1922, he was admitted to the Academy of Sciences.[1] On September 23, 1938, he died of death.

Family[edit]

Originally from the province of Alençon in Normandy, his family can be traced to the 8th century. D'Ocagne's lineage came from the du Plessis family, and he used the pseudonym Philbert du Plessis in some of his scientific publications.[1] Mortimer d'Ocagne, Maurice's father, published widely on economic and financial topics and wrote a book on French higher education Les Grandes Ecoles de France. He also served as the drama critic for the Revue Britannique, going to the theater every night and never missing a premiere. He served as the dean of the subscribers of the Opera. He died in 1919 at the age of 98.

Works[edit]

  • Sur l'évaluation graphique des moments et des moments d'inertie des aires planes (1884),
  • aris, Gauthier-Villars, 1885
  • Graphic calculation and nomographie, Paris, Doin, 1908

others..

Awards[edit]

  • Leconte Prize in 1892 for his work Nomographie
  • Dalmont price of the Academy of Sciences in 1894, for his mathematical work.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d O'Connor, J J; Robertson, E F. "Philbert Maurice d'Ocagne". School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St Andrews, Scotland. Retrieved 2014-04-12.