Phillip Garth Law AC, CBE, FAA (21 April 1912 – 28 February 2010) was an Australian scientist and explorer who served as director of Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions (ANARE) from 1949 to 1966.
Law was born in Tallangatta, Victoria, the second of six children of Arthur and Lily Law. One of his younger sisters was the traveller and writer Wendy Law Suart. After attending Hamilton High School, he taught in secondary schools, including Melbourne High School where he taught physics and boxing, while studying part-time at the University of Melbourne, earning an MSc in 1941. He was the Melbourne University lightweight boxing champion and also lectured in physics there from 1943 to 1948.
During the Second World War he enlisted in the RAAF, though the university physics department, which was involved in weapons research, insisted that he continue his work there. He did however manage to visit the battle areas of New Guinea on a four-month scientific mission for the Australian Army.
He spent the first of many summers in Antarctica in 1947–8 as a senior research officer on ANARE. He soon became director due to his strong belief in the value of management and educational techniques that ensured that each individual had more than one role. During his directorship, he established bases in Mawson, Davis and Casey, and led expeditions that explored more than 5,000 kilometres (3,100 mi) of coastline and some 1,000,000 square kilometres (390,000 sq mi) of territory.
After retiring from the directorship, he chaired the Australian National Committee on Antarctic Research from 1966 to 1980.
Law's wife, Nel, a secondary school teacher, professional artist and writer, was the first Australian woman to visit Antarctica. Nel died in 1990.
In 1988, he was awarded the Australian Geographic's Adventurer of the Year Award. On 1 January 2001, he was also awarded the Centenary Medal.
Law published several papers on his exploration work in the Royal Geographical Society's Geographical Journal, including:
- 1954 – Australian Antarctic Expedition to Mac-Robertson Land 1954. Geographical Journal Vol. 120, Part 4, pp. 409–422.
- 1956 – Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition, 1955. Geographical Journal, Vol. 122.
- 1958 – The Antarctic voyage of MV Thala Dan, 1958. Geographical Journal.
- 1958 – Australian coastal exploration in Antarctica. Geographical Journal. Vol 124, Part 2.
- 1960 – New ANARE landings in Australian Antarctic Territory 1960. Geographical Journal.
- 1961 – Australian coastal explorations in Antarctica, 1957. Geographical Journal. Vol 127, Part 4.
- 1961 – Australian coastal explorations in Antarctica, 1959. Geographical Journal.
Books or booklets authored or coauthored by Law include:
- 1957 – ANARE: Australia's Antarctic Outposts. (With John Béchervaise). OUP: Melbourne.
- 1962 – Australia and the Antarctic. (John Murtagh Macrossan Memorial Lectures 1960). University of Queensland Press: Brisbane.
- 1964 – Antarctica – 1984. (Sir John Morris Memorial Lecture 1964). Adult Education Board of Tasmania: Hobart
- 1983 – Antarctic Odyssey. Heinemann: Melbourne. ISBN 0-434-40688-0
- 1995 – The Antarctic Voyage of HMAS Wyatt Earp. Allen & Unwin Australia. ISBN 1-86373-803-7
- 1995 – You Have to be Lucky: Antarctic and Other Adventures. Kangaroo Press: Kenthurst. ISBN 0-86417-743-7
- AAP and Matthew Schulz, Antarctic pioneer Dr Phillip Law dies, aged 97, in Melbourne, 1 March 2010, Herald Sun
- Law, Peter (12 March 2010). "A great explorer who left Australia's footprint in Antarctica". Obituaries (The Age). Retrieved 12 March 2010.
- It's an Honour: CBE
- It's an Honour: AO
- It's an Honour: AC
- Australian Geographic Society Adventure Awards
- It's an Honour: Centenary Medal
- Ralston, Kathleen (1993). A Man for Antarctica: The early life of P.G. Law. Melbourne: Hyland House. ISBN 1-875657-13-4.
- Phillip Garth Law's holdings at the National Library, Australia
- Article by the Glacier Society
- Interview with the Australian Academy of Science
- Interview with Australian Biography.com
- Obituary in The Times