Phoenix (1821 whaler)
|Tons burthen:||323 (bm)|
Phoenix, or Phenix, was an American wooden whaler, launched in 1821. She plied the Pacific Ocean from her homeport of Nantucket, Massachusetts. She made ten complete voyages between 1821 and her loss, on her 11th voyage, in 1858.
Phoenix discovered of Winslow Reef, northwest of Canton, in 1851. Her name became attached to the entire group of Phoenix Islands in the South Pacific are named after a ship, which was active in the area in the 1820s, which may be this ship. The crew of the Phoenix and her captain, Perry Winslow, were also the discoverers of Winslow Reef.
Phoenix was in the Galapagos in 1835 and 1836. On 10 January 1836 the crew was ashore and left graffiti carved into rocks there. While in the Galapagos islands the crew also gathered tortoises to eat, perhaps as many as 140.
Between 1821 and 1858, Phoenix made 11 whaling voyages:
|Departure||Return||Master||Sperm oil (barrels)||Whale oil (barrels)||Notes|
|1821, Sep||1824, Apr||Harris, David||1935|
|1824||1826||Temporarily withdrawn from whaling|
|1826, Dec||1829, Jun||Fitzgerald, William||2234||0|
|1829, Oct||1831, Aug||Gardner, John J.||2340||0|
|1831, Oct||1834, Jan||Wilber, Sanford||2205||0|
|1834, Jul||1837, Feb||Hussey, Isaac B.||2345||0|
|1827, Nov||1840, Feb||Hussey, Isaac B.||2419||0|
|1840, Jun||1843, Feb||Hamlin, Josiah||2241||24|
|1844, Sep||1848, Jun||Winslow, Perry||1648||24|
|1848, Nov||1853, Feb||Winslow, Perry||1648||10|
|1853, Jul||1856, May||Morey, Israel||162||1975||10,800 lb (4,900 kg) of bone|
|1856, Oct||1858 lost||Handy, Bethel (Bethuel) Gifford
Citations and references
- Churbuck, David (1904). The Reminiscences of Captain Thomas Chatfield. Cotuit, MA.
- Denger, Otto; Gillaspy, Edwin (August 15, 1955). Atoll Research Bulletin, Canton Island, South Pacific (PDF). 41. Washington DC: Pacific Science Board, National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council. Retrieved 2008-12-17.
- Grant, K. Thalia, and Gregory P. Estes (2009) Darwin in Galápagos: footsteps to a new world. (Princeton University Press). ASIN: B00EM34EM6
- Starbuck, Alexander (1878) History of the American Whale Fishery from its Earliest Inception to the Year 1876.
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