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Phonophoresis procedure

Phonophoresis is the use of ultrasound to enhance the delivery of topically applied drugs.[1][2] Phonophoresis has been used in an effort to enhance the absorption of topically applied analgesics and anti-inflammatory agents through the therapeutic application of ultrasound.

Phonophoresis has been shown to be ineffective for some treatments, where it did not increase the efficacy of absorption of drugs, or did not improve the outcome more than the use of ultrasound alone.[3][4]

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  1. ^ Skauen, Donald M.; Zentner, Gaylen M. (1984). "Phonophoresis". International Journal of Pharmaceutics. 20 (3): 235–245. doi:10.1016/0378-5173(84)90171-6. ISSN 0378-5173.
  2. ^ Tyle, Praveen; Agrawala, Praful (1989). "Drug Delivery by Phonophoresis". Pharmaceutical Research. 06 (5): 355–361. doi:10.1023/A:1015967012253. ISSN 0724-8741.
  3. ^ Klaiman, Mark D.; Shrader, Joseph A.; Danoff, Jerome V.; Hicks, Jeanne E.; Pesce, William J.; Ferland, James (1998). "Phonophoresis versus ultrasound in the treatment of common musculoskeletal conditions". Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 30 (9): 1349–1355. doi:10.1097/00005768-199809000-00002. ISSN 0195-9131.
  4. ^ Ay, Saime; Doğan, Şebnem Koldaş; Evcik, Deniz; Başer, Özgün Çakmak (2010). "Comparison the efficacy of phonophoresis and ultrasound therapy in myofascial pain syndrome". Rheumatology International. 31 (9): 1203–1208. doi:10.1007/s00296-010-1419-0. ISSN 0172-8172.

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