Photographophone

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A photographophone is a device that was first developed by Ernst Ruhmer of Berlin, Germany in 1900.[1][2][3][4][5] The Photographophone could record and reproduce speech and music through a celluloid film. The process started by speaking into a microphone. The electrical signal from the microphone through a transformer supplied electric current from a battery pack that caused a corresponding variation in the light of an arc (later used an incandescent lamp). The light from the arc lamp passes through the cylindrical lens slot which created sharp white lines on the moving sensitive film. This film, after being taken out of the box and developed, shows a series of perpendicular striations parallel to one another, which are really a photographic record of the sound waves originally entering the telephone transmitter.

To reproduce the sound an projector directs light through the film traveling with the velocity equal to that with which the record is made. Behind the film a sensitive selenium cell is mounted receiving the variations in light producing a variation in its resistance and a corresponding effect in the telephone receivers connected.

"It is truly a wonderful process: sound becomes electricity, becomes light, causes chemical action, becomes light and electricity again, and finally sound."[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "TO PHOTOGRAPH YOUR TALK". The Coburg Leader. XXII, (37). Victoria, Australia. 19 September 1903. p. 3. Retrieved 30 October 2019 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) , ...A small electric-motor moves the rolls at the rate of 12ft per second...
  2. ^ "SCIENTIFIC". The Australasian. LXX, (1838). Victoria, Australia. 22 June 1901. p. 51. Retrieved 30 October 2019 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  3. ^ "TALKING THROUGH A RAY OF LIGHT". The Border Morning Mail And Riverina Times. IV, (1081). New South Wales, Australia. 4 May 1907. p. 6. Retrieved 30 October 2019 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  4. ^ Wireless Telephony In Theory and Practice by Ernst Ruhmer (translated from the German by James Erskine-Murray), 1908, Page 36, Chapter IV. The Photographophone.
  5. ^ Wireless Telephony In Theory and Practice by Ernst Ruhmer (translated from the German by James Erskine-Murray), 1908, Page 40, Photo
  6. ^ Wireless Telephony In Theory and Practice by Ernst Ruhmer (translated from the German by James Erskine-Murray), 1908, page 39.

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