Phyllis A. Kravitch

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Phyllis Adele Kravitch
Senior Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
In office
December 31, 1996 – June 15, 2017
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
In office
October 1, 1981 – December 31, 1996
Appointed by operation of law
Preceded by Seat established
Succeeded by Frank M. Hull
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
In office
March 23, 1979 – October 1, 1981
Appointed by Jimmy Carter
Preceded by Lewis Render Morgan
Succeeded by Seat abolished
Personal details
Born Phyllis Adele Kravitch
(1920-08-23)August 23, 1920
Savannah, Georgia
Died June 15, 2017(2017-06-15) (aged 96)
Atlanta, Georgia
Education Armstrong State University (A.A.)
Goucher College (B.A.)
University of Pennsylvania Law School (LL.B.)

Phyllis Adele Kravitch (August 23, 1920 – June 15, 2017) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit and later the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit in Atlanta, Georgia.

Education and career[edit]

Kravitch was born in Savannah, Georgia, one of four daughters of Aaron Kravitch, an attorney, and Ella B. Wiseman.[1][2] She attended Armstrong Junior College in Savannah receiving an Associate of Arts degree in 1939. She later obtained her Bachelor of Arts degree from Goucher College in 1941.[3] She graduated with a Bachelor of Laws from the University of Pennsylvania Law School in 1943, her father Aaron's alma mater (Law 1917).[4][1] At the University of Pennsylvania she served on the Law Review Board of Editors. She was in private practice from 1944 to 1976 and then served from 1977 to 1979 as a judge of the Superior Court of the Eastern Judicial Circuit of Georgia.[5][6]

Federal judicial service[edit]

Kravitch was nominated by President Jimmy Carter on January 19, 1979, to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit vacated by Judge Lewis Render Morgan. She was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 21, 1979, and received her commission on March 23, 1979, becoming the third woman to serve as a United States Circuit Judge.[7][8][9] Her service terminated on October 1, 1981, due to reassignment.[6]

Kravitch was reassigned by operation of law on October 1, 1981, to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, to a new seat authorized by 94 Stat. 1994.[6] She assumed senior status on December 31, 1996.[10][11] Her service terminated on June 15, 2017, due to her death at the Piedmont Hospital in Atlanta.[12]

Feeder judge[edit]

Four of Kravitch's law clerks went on to clerk at the United States Supreme Court, including Steven L. Chanenson, Beth S. Brinkmann, Joseph L. Hoffmann and Paul H. Schwartz.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Our Newest Acquisition" (PDF). The Law Alumni Journal, University of Pennsylvania Law School. XII (2): 4. Spring 1977. Retrieved July 3, 2017. 
  2. ^ Averitt, Jack N. (2009). Families of Southeastern Georgia. Genealogical Publishing. p. 177. ISBN 0806350997. Retrieved June 15, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Entry for Kravitch, Phyllis A". Women's Legal History. Stanford Law School. Retrieved June 15, 2017. 
  4. ^ Bonett, Jennifer Baldino. "A Women's Place is on the Bench". University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved June 14, 2017. 
  5. ^ Entry for Phyllis Kravitch, Findlaw Attorney Directory. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
  6. ^ a b c "Kravitch, Phyllis A. - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov. 
  7. ^ Weatherford, Doris (2012). Women in American Politics: History and Milestones. Sage Publishing. p. 373. ISBN 1608710076. Retrieved June 15, 2017. 
  8. ^ Poole, Sheila M. (June 14, 2012). "Carter honored for appointing women, African Americans to the federal bench". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved June 15, 2017. 
  9. ^ Poole, Sheila (March 20, 2017). "Jewish women honor John Lewis, Hillary Clinton in Atlanta". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved June 15, 2017. 
  10. ^ "United States Courts" (PDF). 
  11. ^ Rankin, Bill (December 1, 2011). "Court appears ready to hand legal victory to transgender woman". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved June 15, 2017. 
  12. ^ "Judge Phyllis Kravitch dies, recalled as small in stature with giant reputation". Savannah Now.com, June 15, 2017. Retrieved June 15, 2017.

External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Lewis Render Morgan
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
1979–1981
Succeeded by
Seat abolished
Preceded by
Seat established
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
1981–1996
Succeeded by
Frank M. Hull