Picton–Battersby line

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Picton–Battersby line
Course of Former Railway - geograph.org.uk - 589558.jpg
Looking south east from the former Potto railway station onto the formation of the Whorlton branch
Overview
Type Heavy Rail
Status Closed
Locale North Yorkshire
Termini Picton
Battersby
Stations 7
Operation
Opened March 1857 to Stokesley
April 1858 to Kildale
Closed June 1954 to passengers
August 1965 completely
Operator(s) North Yorkshire & Cleveland Railway
North Eastern Railway
London North Eastern Railway
British Rail
Technical
Line length 12.5 miles (20.1 km)[1]
Number of tracks 1 as built, later dualled
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Picton–Battersby Line
Northallerton-Eaglescliffe Line
to Eaglescliffe
Picton closed
Northallerton-Eaglescliffe Line
to Northallerton
Trenholme Bar 1857–1954
Potto 1857–1954
Whorlton Mines Branch 1857–1892
Sexhow 1857–1954
Stokesley 1857–1954
Ingleby 1858–1954
Rosedale Branch 1858–1929
Battersby 1858–0000
North Yorkshire & Cleveland Railway
to Grosmont
Nunthorpe-Battersby Link

The Picton–Battersby line was a section of railway line running from Picton, North Yorkshire, England, on what is now the Northallerton–Eaglescliffe line, to Battersby on what is now the Esk Valley line.

History[edit]

Construction[edit]

The line was constructed by the North Yorkshire & Cleveland Railway (NY&C) between Picton (on the Leeds Northern's 1852 route between Northallerton and Stockton) and Grosmont. It was opened in 1857 from Picton to Stokesley, with intermediate stations at Trenholme Bar, Potto and Sexhow. The line included a two-mile branch south from Potto to the mines at Whorlton.[2]

The NY&C was incorporated into the North Eastern Railway (NER) in 1858,[3] the same year the Rosedale Branch Line for the Rosedale mines was purchased from private owners and began conversion from narrow gauge to standard gauge. It was left to NER to finish the line to Grosmont via Battersby. This and the link line to Nunthorpe were completed in stages to 1865.

Stations[edit]

There were seven stations on the Picton to Battersby section of the NY&C.

  • Picton
Picton is the station at which the line met the Leeds Northern's route between Northallerton and Stockton, which is now the Northallerton–Eaglescliffe line. The station closed in 1960, but the stationmaster's house still survives.
  • Trenholme Bar
One of the original stations upon opening in 1857, the station closed along with passenger traffic in 1954.
  • Potto
Serving the village of Potto, the station served from 1857 to 1954. It was also the last station before the branch to Whorlton mines, receiving two daily shipments of ironstone. The station building still survives as a private residence and business premises.[4]
  • Sexhow
Served the village of Sexhow from 1857 to 1954. The station building still survives.
  • Stokesley
The last of the original stations opened in 1857, Stokesley closed in 1954 along with the rest of the passenger traffic. Closed to freight in 1965. The station building still survives, after being well restored by a firm of architects. Stokesley station featured comprehensively in the BTF production "A farmer moves south" and is therefore one of the best documented of the closed rural stations. The film is available from the usual sources.[5]
  • Ingleby
This station served the village of Ingleby Greenhow from 1858 to 1954. The station building remains.
  • Battersby
Originally called Ingleby Junction in 1858, then Battersby Junction from 1878, before finally becoming Battersby in 1893, the station is the only one on the P-B line to remain in use, as part of the modern Esk Valley line.

Whorlton branch[edit]

A 2 miles (3.2 km) branch to the ironstone mines at Ailesbury and Swainby left the line southwards after Potto station. This was opened with the initial section of the line and forwarded two ironstone trains per day to the furnaces on Teesside.[6] The mines were exhausted in 1887 and the branch was closed in 1892.[7]

Closure[edit]

When the freight from the mines ceased, the passenger services along the Picton–Battersby and Esk Valley lines still remained important to the region, despite competition along the coast lines, with seven weekday trains along the line between Teesside and Whitby in 1900. However, this dropped to four in 1922 and by 1954 it was only two. Passenger services were withdrawn on 14 June 1954, with goods traffic ending west of Stokesley in 1958.[5] Freight traffic remained between Stokesley and Battersby until 1965, when it too ceased, and the line dropped completely out of use.

Battersby station (originally Ingleby Junction, later Battersby Junction in 1878, and its current name from 1893) and the line to Grosmont remain as part of the Esk Valley line.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weaver Tomlinson, William (1915). The North Eastern Railway; its rise and development. Newacstle: Longman Green & Co. pp. 556–565. OCLC 8890833. 
  2. ^ "Pertinent Paragraphs". Railway Magazine. Vol. 86 no. 515. May 1940. pp. 306–307. ISSN 0033-8923. 
  3. ^ Suggitt 2005, p. 62.
  4. ^ Whitlock, Mike. "Potto Station Links". Potto Station. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  5. ^ a b Burgess 2011, p. 8.
  6. ^ Whiworth, Alan (2013). "Introduction". Esk Valley Railway through time. Stroud: Amberley. p. 5. ISBN 9781445606453. 
  7. ^ Mell, Ken. "Stokesley". Disused Stations. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Burgess, Neil (2011). The lost railways of Yorkshire's North Riding. Stenlake. ISBN 978-1-84033-555-2. 
  • Suggitt, Gordon (2005). Lost Railways of North & East Yorkshire. Countryside Books. ISBN 978-1-85306-918-5.