Bathymetry of Pioneer seamount.
|Summit depth||820 m (2,690 ft)|
|Height||1,930 m (6,332 ft)|
|Summit area||12.8 km (6.9 nautical miles)x12.8 km (6.9 nautical miles)|
|Location||offshore Central California|
|Type||Seamount (underwater volcano)|
|Volcanic arc/chain||Central Californian seamounts|
|Age of rock||10.9 to 11.1 million years|
Pioneer Seamount is located at 37° 21.1' North Latitude, 123° 26.1' West Longitude, at the base of the continental slope of North America about 95 kilometers (59 miles) off the coast just southwest of San Francisco, California.
The seamount is a volcano between 10.9 and 11.1 million years old. It is about 12.8 kilometers (8.0 miles) long as well as about 12.8 kilometers (8.0 miles) wide, and has a volume of about 135 cubic kilometres (32 cubic miles). It rises about 1,930 meters (6,330 feet) above the surrounding ocean floor, and its peak is a minimum of 820 meters (2,690 feet) below the ocean's surface. Samples from the seamount consist of highly vesicular alkalic basalt, hawaiite, and mugearite.
The seamount and its volcano once extended above the sea surface, but eroded and sank as the seamount and the seabed at its base were carried further away from the spreading center from which it presumably originated.
Pioneer Seamount was named for Pioneer, the first of three survey ships of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey to bear the name. Pioneer operated along the United States West Coast and in the then-Territory of Alaska during her Coast and Geodetic Survey career, which lasted from 1922 to 1941.
- NOAA Vents Program Acoustic Monitoring; Acousting Monitoring Program Pioneer Seamount
- United States Geological Survey Monthly Newsletter Sound Waves: Fieldwork: Geologists and Biologists Endeavor to Understand Seamount Environments Off California
- Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute: Pioneer Seamount
- Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute: Seamounts 2007
- NOAA History: Tools of the Trade: Coast and Geodetic Survey Ships: Pioneer