A Pitaval is a collection of causes célèbres.
Early works were mainly written for legal professionals but later Pitavals also became popular amongst other readers. In the 19th and early 20th century the idea of publishing criminal cases quickly spread in Europe. Pitavals became a well-known literary genre, which was often imitated.
Examples for Pitavals are Merkwürdige Rechtsfälle (1808/11) by Paul Johann Anselm Ritter von Feuerbach, Der neue Pitaval (1842–1890) by Julius Eduard Hitzig and Willibald Alexis, the Prager Pitaval (1931) by Egon Erwin Kisch, Der neue Pitaval (1963) by Herrmann Mostars and Robert Adolf Stemmle, Berühmte Strafprozesse by Maximilian Jactas, Prozesse, die unsere Welt bewegten by Curt Riess and Summa Iniuria: Ein Pitaval der Justizirrtümer by Hans M. Sutermeister (1976).
Many notable authors drew their plots from Pitaval's editions. For example, E. T. A. Hoffmann's short story The Marquise de la Pivardiere (1820) is based on a real criminal case from 1697 (as described by François Richer).
From 1957 to 1978 the East German TV series Fernsehpitaval depicted German true crime cases. In 1982 and 1986, the Czechoslovak TV aired the series A Small Pitaval From A Large City based on true crime cases in Prague, too.
- Causes célèbres et intéressantes, avec les jugemens qui les ont décidées by François Gayot de Pitaval
- Todd Herzog: Crime Stories: Criminalistic Fantasy and the Culture of Crisis in Weimar Germany. Berghahn Books, 2009, ISBN 978-1845454395, p. 37
- Theodore Ziolkowski. German Romanticism and Its Institutions. Princeton University Press, 1992. ISBN 9780691015231. P. 126-127.
- Fernsehpitaval at imdb.com
- A Small Pitaval From a Large City at imdb.com