Pongo River (Guinea)
The Pongo River or Rio Pongo is a river that flows into the Atlantic Ocean near Boffa, Guinea. Its source is located in Fouta Djallon. The surrounding area has also been known as "Pongoland" or "Bongo Country".
Rio Pongo became a significant area for the setting up factories in the transatlantic slave trade. Sir George Collier listed 76 surnames of families involved in the slave trade in 1820.:35 He was commodore of the British West Africa Squadron between 1818 and 1821 and as such organised anti-slaving patrols up the Pongo River and other surrounding areas.
Part of the plot of the historical novel Anthony Adverse and the film made on its base is set on the Pongo River, in the last years of the 18th Century and the first years of the 19th. The book's eponymous protagonist - an adventurous and highly capable young man - arrives from Cuba and in a brief time takes personal control of slave trading along the river. He amasses a considerable personal fortune, but at the price of becoming increasingly corrupted - finally being sickened by slaving, and departing for other adventures in other continents.
- African Diaspora Archaeology newsletter, Sept. 2006
- BirdLife International factsheet (Rio Pongo estuary, Guinea)
- "Africans, African Americans, Great Britain and the United States: The Curious History of the Rio Pongo in the Early 19th Century". Black Past.Org. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- See Samuel Crighton's Baptismal entry in the All Saints, Poplar, parish register of the London Borough of Tower Hamlets referring to the baptism of Samuel Crighton, son of William Fernandez, a local Luso-African King.
- Mouser, Bruce L. (1973). "Trade, Coasters and conflict in the Rio Pongo from 1790 to 1808". The Journal of African History. 14 (1): 45–64. doi:10.1017/s0021853700012160. JSTOR 180776.
- Mouser, Bruce L. (2016). "Towards a Definition of Transnational as a Family Construct: An Historical and Micro Perspective". In Knörr, Jacqueline; Kohl, Christoph. The Upper Guinea Coast in Global Perspective. New York:: Berghahn Books. pp. 21–39. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
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