Pontine nuclei

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Pontine nuclei
Lower pons horizontal KB.svg
Cross section through the lower pons showing the pontine nuclei (#22) and the pontocerebellar fibers emerging from them to become the middle cerebellar peduncle
Latin nuclei pontis
NeuroNames hier-613
NeuroLex ID Pontine nuclear complex
TA A14.1.05.202
FMA 72512
Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy

The pontine nuclei (or griseum pontis) are a part of the pons involved in motor activity. Corticopontine fibres carry information from the primary motor cortex to the ipsilateral pontine nucleus in the ventral pons, and the pontocerebellar projection then carries that information to the contralateral cerebellum via the middle cerebellar peduncle. Extension of these nuclei in the medulla oblongata are named arcuate nucleus (medulla) which has the same function.

They therefore allow modification of actions in the light of their outcome, or error correction, and are hence important in learning motor skills.

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