Port Royal and Augusta Railway

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The Port Royal and Augusta Railway was a South Carolina railroad that existed in the latter half of the 19th century.

The Port Royal Railroad Company was chartered in 1856 and the line was completed in 1870.[1] In 1873, the Georgia Railroad provided financial assistance to the Port Royal Railroad Company, but Port Royal Railroad Company defaulted in November 1873 and the railroad was sold to the Georgia Railroad under foreclosure in June 1878, with the Union Trust Company of New York as Trustees.[2] The Georgia Railroad reorganized it under the name Port Royal and Augusta Railway,[1] and the company expanded.[3]

In 1881 Georgia Railroad leased its rail lines for 99 years to Colonel William M. Wadley, who assigned half of the interest to Louisville and Nashville Railroad and the other half to Central Rail Road and Banking Company of Georgia.[4] That same year, Central Rail Road and Banking Company of Georgia acquired controlling stock in Port Royal and Augusta Railway.[1]

In 1893, the State of South Carolina filed suit in State of South Carolina v. Port Royal and Augustra Railway Company, alleging that Central Rail Road and Banking Company of Georgia was intentionally diverting trade from Port Royal to its own lines by misuse of its voting power.[5] Under the directors they appointed, the State alleged, the facilities of Port Royal Railroad Company had been allowed to deteriorate.[3] Central Rail Road and Banking Company of Georgia was forced into receivership and sold, reorganized as Central of Georgia Railway. Central's purchasers, Ryan and Thomas, claimed to have purchased the company's interest in the lease, a claim denied by one of the receivers.[6] Louisville and Nashville Railroad had continued to pay their lease and receive their profits, while Central of Georgia had not. In light of this, the Port Royal and Augusta Railway Company filed suited against Central of Georgia for unpaid leases.[7] However, in 1894, before resolution of any suit, the State of Georgia repealed the charter of the Port Royal and Augusta Railway and liquidated its assets, rendering legal action moot.[8]

By 1898, The Port Royal and Augusta Railway and the Port Royal and Western Carolina Railway had been combined into the new Charleston and Western Carolina Railway.[9]


  1. ^ a b c Poor (1889), p. 604
  2. ^ Thomas (1895), p. 202-203.
  3. ^ a b West Publishing Company (1896), p. 383.
  4. ^ District of Columbia (1897), pp. 398-399.
  5. ^ United States. Courts. (1895), p. 565.
  6. ^ District of Columbia (1897), p. 399.
  7. ^ West Publishing Company (1896), p. 375.
  8. ^ West Publishing Company (1896), p. 375-376, 380.
  9. ^ South Carolina. Public Service Commission. (1898), p. 22.


  • "State of South Carolina v. Port Royal & A. RY. Co.". The Federal reporter: Cases Argued and Determined in the Circuit Courts of Appeals and the Circuit and District Courts of the United States. 79. St Paul: West Publishing. April–June 1897. pp. 397–401.
  • Poor, Henry Varnum (1889). Manual of the railroads of the United States. H.V. & H.W. Poor. p. 604. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
  • South Carolina. Public Service Commission; Railroad Commission of South Carolina (1898). Annual report. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
  • Thomas, Henry Walter (1895). Digest of the Railroad Laws of Georgia. Franklin printing and publishing company, G. W. Harrison, state printer. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
  • United States. Courts; Great Britain. Courts (1895). The American and English railroad cases: a collection of all cases in the courts of last resort in America and England [1879?-1895]. Edward Thompson Co. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
  • West Publishing Company (1896). The Southeastern reporter. West Publishing Co. Retrieved 3 January 2011.