Porthidium volcanicum

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Porthidium volcanicum
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Genus: Porthidium
Species: P. volcanicum
Binomial name
Porthidium volcanicum
Solórzano, 1994[1]

Porthidium volcanicum (Ujarran hognosed pitviper) is a venomous pitviper species endemic to Costa Rica.[2] No subspecies are currently recognized.[3]


Adults of P. volcanicum are moderately stout, with females growing to 31–53.6 cm (12 1421 18 in) in total length (including tail). The only male ever collected was 25.9 cm (10 14 in) long.[1]

Geographic range[edit]

P. volcanicum is known only from the type locality, which is given as "Ujarrás de Buenos Aires (Valle del General, suoeste de la provincia de Puntarenas, Costa Rica)", Volcán de Buenos Aires and Valle del General in Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica.[1]


P. volcanicum occurs in tropical moist forest. The region receives 3,500 mm (140 in) of rainfall annually and has a dry season January–April.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré TA. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b Campbell JA, Lamar WW. 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere. 2 volumes. Ithaca and London: Comstock Publishing Associates. 870 pp., 1500 plates. ISBN 0-8014-4141-2.
  3. ^ "Porthidium volcanicum ". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 6 August 2008. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Solórzano, Alejandro (1994). "Una nueva especie de serpiente terrestre del genero Porthidium (Serpentes: Viperidae), del Suroeste de Costa Rica ". Revista de Biología Tropical 42 (3): 695-701. (Porthidium volcanicum, new species). (in Spanish).

External links[edit]