Pott's puffy tumor

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Pott's puffy tumor
Potts-puffy-tumor-004.jpg
Pott's puffy tumor, spreading towards person's brain. MRI, T1, sagittal, gadolinium contrast.
Classification and external resources

Pott's puffy tumor, first described by Sir Percivall Pott in 1760, is a rare clinical entity characterized by subperiosteal abscess associated with osteomyelitis. It is characterized by an osteomyelitis of the frontal bone, either direct or through haematogenic spread. This results in a swelling on the forehead, hence the name. The infection can also spread inwards, leading to an intracranial abscess. Pott's puffy tumor can be associated with cortical vein thrombosis, epidural abscess, subdural empyema, and brain abscess. The cause of vein thrombosis is explained by venous drainage of the frontal sinus, which occurs through diploic veins, which communicate with the dural venous plexus; septic thrombi can potentially evolve from foci within the frontal sinus and propagate through this venous system. This type of chronic osteomyelitis of the frontal bone is confused with acute sub-periosteal abscess of the frontal bone, which presents as a discrete collection over the frontal sinus.

Although it can affect all ages, it is mostly found among teenagers and adolescents. It is usually seen as a complication of frontal sinusitis or trauma. Medical imaging can be of use in the diagnosis and evaluation of the underlying cause and extent of the condition. Ultrasound is able to identify frontal bone osteomyelitis[1], while computed tomography (CT) can evaluate bony erosion, and along with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), can better appreciate the underlying cause and extent of possible intra-cranial extension/involvement[2][3].

Cause[edit]

  • Frontal sinusitis, acute or chronic.
  • Frontal trauma, usually blunt.
  • Some cases have been seen in a context of intranasal substance abuse (cocaine, methamphetamine).
  • Post-surgical: after frontal sinus reconstruction[4]

Diagnosis[edit]

1) X Ray Skull/CT scan 2) TLC count & ESR (increased)

Treatment[edit]

Treatment generally consists of surgical drainage, and long-term (6 to 8 weeks) use of antibiotics.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reddan, Tristan; Connor, Patricia. "Not just a bump on the head: ultrasound as first-line imaging in a boy with Pott's puffy tumour". Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences: n/a–n/a. doi:10.1002/jmrs.251. ISSN 2051-3909. 
  2. ^ Nicoli, Taija Kristina; Mäkitie, Antti (2014-03-12). "Frontal Sinusitis Causing Epidural Abscess and Puffy Tumor". New England Journal of Medicine. 370 (11). doi:10.1056/nejmicm1307740. 
  3. ^ Vanderveken, O.M.; Smet, K. De; Dogan-Duyar, S.; Desimpelaere, J.; Duval, E.L.I.M.; Praeter, M. De; Rompaey, D. Van. "Pott's puffy tumor in a 5-year-old boy: The role of ultrasound and contrast-enhanced CT imaging—Surgical case report". International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology Extra. 7 (1): 1–5. doi:10.1016/j.pedex.2010.08.002. 
  4. ^ Banooni P, Rickman LS, Ward DM (March 2000). "Pott puffy tumor associated with intranasal methamphetamine". JAMA. 283 (10): 1293. doi:10.1001/jama.283.10.1287. PMID 10714727. 

External links[edit]